There are many consequences that come with underage drinking, and in order to prevent more fatalities, the drinking age should remain 21.
Arguments on why it should be lowered to 18.
Why it shouldn't.
On college campuses, kids tend to be heavy drinkers, because once they can get their hands on alcohol, they are going to drink and drink and drink until the point of passing out or puking. Heavy drinking is more prominent in young adulthood, which would be the ages between 18 and 24.
Are kids more likely to drink if their parent's are drinking around them?
Consequences of alcohol and Underage Drinking.
Alcohol dependence can be a serious issue, alcohol dependence is an inability to control drinking due to emotional and physical dependence on alcohol. Between the ages of 11 to 33, onset alcohol use before the age of 11 compared to older adolescents, can be related to increased dependence on alcohol in adulthood.
Alcohol consumption at a young age has server biological consequences and increases the risks of alcohol dependence. People that wait until they are 21 are four times less likely to develop alcoholism compared to those who start drinking at the age of 15.
Kids are starting to drink at younger and younger ages, "and are consuming more alcohol than adults, at an average of five drinks (Green)."
Short term effects.
Alcohol affects mental health, increasing feelings of depression, stress/anxiety. Most problems with underage drinking is the fatal accidents that happen. Half of the fatal traffic accidents involve drunk drivers under the age of 21. These traffic accidents are more prone with drivers between the ages of 16 and 20. Besides driving incidents and deaths, alcohol is responsible for deficits in kids' academic and occupational abilities.
A study on short term memory skills in 15 and 16 year olds, by comparing adolescents with no alcohol problems to adolescents with alcohol-dependence on verbal and nonverbal retention of intact learning and recognition discriminability. Results demonstrated that the alcohol-dependent youth had a harder time remembering words and geometric designs after 10 minutes.
How easy is it for kids under the age of 21 to get alcohol?
There was a survey to over 3000 11th graders in Oregon, it found that more than half perceived that alcohol would be very easy to obtain. Results demonstrated that alcohol is often obtained from certain from certain commercial alcohol sources, including grocery stores, convenience stores, gas stations, and liquor stores.
It has been argued that with the MLDA being 21 hasn't saved lives.