Aristotle: The Great Philosopher

384 B.C.- 322 B.C.

A Brief Introduction

Aristotle was born in 384 B.C. in Stagira, Greece. Though he was well known for his developments in philosophy and science, Aristotle also contributed to the study of marine biology, meteorology, and geology. His school, known as the Lyceum, was one of the first libraries and research institutes. Aristotle accomplished most of his work at the Lyceum.

His Accomplishments

Aristotle was one of the greatest philosophers in the world. He came up with a system of logic for science and philosophy. Aristotle also believed the knowledge could be found through learning more about solid objects. His other goals were to provide a system of reasoning and to recognize the many scientific disciplines and how they relate to each other. Also, he described objects based on their characteristics and recognized the relationship between observation and theory.

The Legacy of Aristotle

Though he died in 322 B.C. in Chalcis, Greece, Aristotle has greatly influenced Western thought in the humanities and social sciences. The system of logic in science was developed by him. In meteorology, he identified the water cycle, natural disasters, and many astrological events. In marine biology, he examined the anatomy of marine creatures. Also, in geology he came up with a theory on classifying animals if they had red blood or no red blood. Though this way of classification was incorrect, it was used for many years.

Did You Know . . .

  • Only one-third of his remaining work has been found.
  • He also observed poetry, music, theatre, and politics.
  • Aristotle had two children, Nicomachus and Pythias.