-The stem is tall. It's about 60 to 120cm high. They usually have very thin hair on them.
-The leaves are forest green. They are opposite. Sometimes, the leaves are whorled. The leaves are attached directly to the stem.
-There are a few lush-magenta flowers which are stalkless and have up to 5 to 7 petals each. Much older plants can have 30 to 50 stems coming from a single rootstock.
-Purple loosestrife species originates from Europe and Asia.
-The Purple Loosestrife species can be found throughout Ontario, but it is mostly found widely spread throughout the Great Lakes, The St. Lawrence River Basin, and in scattered locations down north around cities and towns such as: Timmins, Geraldton, Sioux Lookout, and Rainy River.
-It can also be found in wet meadows, rivers, flood-plains, damp roadsides, and in marshes.
-This organism causes aquatic ecological damage because it invades various wetlands such as: freshwater wet meadows, marshes surrounded by water, marshes not surrounded by water, rivers, stream banks, pond edges, resevoirs, and ditches.
- It crowds out at least 44 kinds of native grasses and other flowering plants that offer high-quality nutrition for wildlife.
-The Purple Loosestrife does not eat anything because it is a primary producer and it belongs to the first trophic level. Specific beetles can eat on Purple Loosestrife and get rid of them.
Attempts at Capture
- Authorities have tried to control the species with mechanical, chemical, and biological removal equipment. Judging by the size of invasion by this species, each control method is distributed amongst them. When you have small invasions with few plants, it's better to hand pull them out till the roots to prevent more from growing on. If there is a huge invasion, it's better to have biological control agents take care of it.
-Authorities have stated that you should wear special clothing and use special equipment to do the removal process. If the invasion is in a marsh area, then have professionals deal with the matter.
-If this species remains, it will continuously expand, and afterwards an estimate of $45 million will be needed for habitat restoration and controlling methods.
-This continuous growth will damage farmlands by blocking/clogging up their supply of water to land or crops for growth, and by blocking/clogging their drainage systems.
-If this species remains, many insects, native birds, and other species homes would be affected. If it grows and invades other plants habitats, then there would be less biodiversity.
-If you help capture this invading species, you will be rewarded the National Wildlife Protector Certificate along with a medal which represents you being an important person in our society.
-If you see this species, you should call the National Wildlife Refuge Association at 212-417-3803 or contact them by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
-You may also call the Pest Management Centre at 613-759-1725 or contact them by email at email@example.com.
-You can also contact the Invading Species Hotline at 1-800-563-7711.
-You may also call the Minnesota Sea Grant Program at 218-726-8106 or contact them by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
-If you see this species, you may also contact the Canadian Wildlife Federation at 1-800-565-6305.
National Wildlife Refuge Association. (nd). Purple Loosestrife. Retrieved May 18, 2016 from http://refugeassociation.org/advocacy/refuge-issues/invasive-species/purple-loosestrife/
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. (2016). Loosestrife, Purple, Lythrum Salicaria. Retrieved May 18, 2016 from http://www.weedinfo.ca/en/weed-index/view/id/LYTSA
Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program. (2012). Purple Loosestrife. Retrieved May 18, 2016 from http://www.invadingspecies.com/invaders/plants-terrestrial/purple-loosestrife/
Government of Ontario. (2012). Purple Loosestrife. Retrieved May 18, 2016 from http://Ontario.ca/document/Purple-Loosestrife
Canadian Wildlife Federation. (2016). Root out Purple Loosestrife. Retrieved May 18, 2016 from http://cwf-cfc.org/discover-wildlife/resources/activities/take-action-factsheets/habitat-projects/map-your-backyard/root-out-purple-loosestrife.html
Government of Canada. (2016). Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Retrieved May 18, 2016 from http://agr.gc.ca/eng/about-us/offices-and-locations/pest-management-centre/contact-the-pest-management-centre/?id=117672521057
Minnesota Sea Grant. (2016). Purple Loosestrife: What you should know, What you can do. Retrieved May 18, 2016 from http://seagrant.umn.edu/ais/purpleloosestrife_info