Albert Einstein was a German-born physicist who developed the theory of relativity. He is considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century. Born on march 14, 1879 in Ulm, Wurttemberg, Germany. Einstein grew up in a secular, middle class jewish family. Einstein developed the special and general theories of relativity and in 1921, he won the Nobel Prize for physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. His father, Hermann Einstein, was a salesman and engineer who, with his brother, founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie, a company that manufactured electrical equipment in Munich, Germany. His mother, the former Pauline Koch, ran the family household. Einstein had one sister, Maja, born two years after him. On April 17, 1955, while working on a speech he was preparing to commemorate Israel's seventh anniversary, Einstein suffered an abdominal aortic aneurysm and experienced internal bleeding. He was taken to the University Medical Center at Princeton for treatment, but refused surgery, believing that he had lived his life and was content to accept his fate. Einstein died at the university medical center early the next morning April 18, 1955 at the age of 76.
How He Died
Einstein died from an Abdominal aortic aneurysm which is an is a dilatation that occurs in a blood vessel, the large blood vessel that supplies blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs becomes abnormally large or balloons outward.
Treating An Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in 1955
Definitive surgical treatment for AAA had not been devised in the 1940s. Beginning in 1943, reinforcement with cellophane had been used to induce fibrosis in the vessel, decreasing the risk of rupture. Nissen wrapped the aneurysm with cellophane and Einstein recovered from the surgery.
Treating An Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Today
How you treat an abdominal aortic aneurysm is by keeping the aneurysm from bursting or rupturing. Depending on the size and condition of the aneurysm, this may be done by watchful waiting or by repairing the aneurysm.