Tempered Tectonics

By: Angelina, Danni, Janesa, & Joy

Beautiful Disasters

Indonesia, Turkey, Chile, and Japan may be beautiful on the outside, but what's truly under all of the beauty kills. The land we live on today is actually broken into many different segments of earth. These are called tectonic plates. When tectonic plates move together, past each other, or even when one rises above another, it cause earthquakes and volcanoes and more disasters including tsunamis, hurricanes etc. Although these are just a few we are going to focus on Earthquakes and volcanoes. These natural disasters are inevitable.

Indonesia

Charming Indonesia

People choose to live in Indonesia because the people in Indonesia are some of the most friendliest, most pleasant people you’ll ever meet. Indonesia is a beautiful place to live. There are a lot of magnificent beaches, with crystal clear blue waters and excellent coral reefs for snorkeling. When it starts to get dark there are beautiful sunsets of a variety of different colors. Also in different parts of Indonesia there are swamps that are good for taking beautiful landscape pictures. There is a lot of volcanoes in Indonesia but people choose to live there anyways despite the dangerous volcanoes that are located there. One advantage of living by volcanoes is that when a volcano has a small eruption it lets out a little volcanic ash. The volcanic ash has some fertilizer in it. So people, especially farmers like living by volcanoes because they let out fertilizer for their crops to grow. They also chose to live close to volcanoes because they feel that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. For example, most volcanoes are perfectly safe for long periods in between eruptions, and those that do erupt more frequently are usually thought of, by the people who live there, as being predictable.


Tectonic Disaster

Indonesia is located between two tectonic plates. One is the Eurasian Plate and the other one is the Australian Plate. The kind of boundary is the convergent boundary. In a convergent boundary two plate-like pieces of the Earth’s crust come together. As the two plates push against each other, one is usually forced down beneath the other one. This process is called subduction. When this happens near land, we see the Earth’s two meeting plates rise, forming mountain ranges. An ocean trench typically forms just off the shore, as one plate goes down deep into the Earth’s core. Earthquakes and volcanoes are common at a convergent boundary. Volcanoes form when the old crust melts. Earthquakes are formed when two blocks of rock or two plates are rubbing against each other, they stick a little. After a while, the rocks break because of all the pressure that’s built up. When the rocks break, a earthquake occurs. Is Jakarta, Indonesia a dangerous place to live in?


Beautiful but Dangerous

Jakarta, Indonesia is in the top ten of the most dangerous places to live in the world. There are about 150 active volcanoes in Indonesia. Some volcanoes there are dormant for years and years and others never stop erupting. The biggest volcanic eruption in Indonesia has reached a VEI of 7. Heavy volcanic ash fell and it was observed as far away as Borneo, Java and Maluku Islands. Also the eruption killed 71,000 people. 11,00-12,000 were killed by the eruption but the others were killed by the global climate changes and no sunshine. 1816 was the year with no summer. Also the biggest earthquake reached a magnitude of 7.7 in Indonesia. The earthquake struck off Sumatra, Indonesia, triggering a tsunami and killing at least 112 people and 502 people were missing. About 16 earthquakes happen in Jakarta in one year. On average, once every five years a big tsunami happens in Indonesia. After all of these stated facts, Jakarta, Indonesia is proven to be a dangerous place to live in.

Chile

Chill in Chile

Although there are volcanoes and earthquakes people choose to live by them because there are more advantages than disadvantages. The population in Chile is 17.6 million. Although Chiles population is small people decide to live here because of it simple goal, Personal liberty and financial prosperity. Although some do move there for these reasons some also move there for jobs, it natural beauty, and others. Some people choose to life by natural destruction hazards because of the surrounding area. Volcanoes, for example, give off resources making living there cheaper www.geograph-site.co.uk ,states that volcanoes let off rich soil, and other natural things needed. These are just some of the reason people choose to live in danger zones, especially Chile.


Tectonic Terror

As you may or may not know the dangers of living in this areas is high, This is caused by the pushing together of the convergent boundaries. Convergent boundaries are especially dangerous when they are near water, this is because when one plate dives under the other, wet sediment is making steam. When all of the pressure is built up it would create a lot of pressure and then would soon erupt. When one plate is going down it creates a place for lava to rise. The plates causing these disasters are the South American Plant, and the Nazca Plate. When the volcano is not on or near a fault line this is because it is a hot spot. Hot spots are where the rocks in the mantle melt letting magma rise, building pressure and eventually erupting. Hawaii is one location for hot spots, the whole chain of Hawaiian islands was created by hot spots the Pacific Ocean.


Dangerous Disasters

Numbers show that the highest earthquake in Chile has reached 9.5 on the Richter scale. On May 22, 1960, the largest earthquake occurred. Nearly 38 hours after the final after shock, volcano erupted, after nearly 25 years of being inactive. These alone costed nearly 500 million dollars in damage, according to www.volcanoes.usgs.gov. Earthquakes in Chile alone have caused 33,537 deaths in the past 80 years. Although volcanoes in Chile are less frequent because of its plate type. The most dangerous volcano in Chile was the Chaitén volcano 2008 eruption. It caused delays in flights, and problems in agriculture in surrounding countries. It gave people just enough time to evacuate the death toll was less than 100. These disasters are inevitable.

Turkey

Tempting Turkey

Turkey, or the proper name, The Republic of Turkey is one of the top 4 most dangerous places to live. Why is it dangerous? Maybe it’s because of the fourteen active volcanoes. Maybe it’s because of the population read on to find out! Can you imagine the mountains with snow covered peaks? The open land with grassy hills? It is a quite beautiful country to visit, and even live in! Some people move to Turkey so they can teach English to the Turkish. Similar jobs include translating documents. Some like to work with tourists, answering phone calls and booking hotel rooms. Another reason people move to Turkey is because they don’t like the U.S. government. Many people move from that change in government and traditions.


Tectonic Threats

What is causing the tectonic activity? The Anatolian plate is right under Turkey. The Anatolian fault at the top of Turkey causes was scientists call The Domino Effect. The effect has been going on since 1939, but what is the effect? When an earthquake takes place on the fault, the stress builds up and gets passed along further on the fault. The pressure creates another earthquake which carries the effect along.Unfortunately, no warning signs will comes and tell scientists when the next earthquake will happen and how large it will be.Turkey is on the Anatolian plate, but it is also between the Eurasian plate and African plate, two very large plates.


Dangerous Lands

Turkey has fourteen active volcanoes and one of them, Mt. Nemrut, could erupt two different ways. One way, water will go into the crater leading to energetic eruptions until lava flows out. Another possible way, cracks on the slopes will begin to have weak eruptions. In Turkey, small earthquakes can lead to severe damage of homes and other buildings. Not only are densely populated places at risk of earthquakes, but the amount of damage is increased by the poorly constructed buildings. The Republic of Turkey, one of the most dangerous places to live. Filled with volcanoes and migrating earthquakes, this country sits between large tectonic plates. The beautiful surroundings may be tempting, but underneath, is it really safe?

Japan

Blossoming Beauty

In East Asia, out in the Pacific Ocean, away from North and South Korea sits Japan. Japan is a small country with blossoming cherry trees and ranges of mountains. Japan also has brobdingnagian cities and a population of around 127.3 million people who live on this small island. On this cramped island, many people are buzzing around and going to world-leading jobs in the medical field and robotics. Many people have made the astounding choice to live in Japan. One reason of Japan’s high population is because of the country’s low crime rate and leading education system. To make this country even better, there are about 5.52 million vending machines around Japan. Even the children and teenagers are ahead in life, with almost all phones in Japan water proof. Japan is extraordinary in many different fields necessary for keeping a country in tact, including pleasure to the people.


Exquisite Elegance

Besides the palpable fact that Japan is ahead in many things, Japan is very unpredictable and baleful. On this mountainous country, there are many volcanoes and earthquakes that betide. The problem for Japan is that is sits near the Ring of Fire. The Ring of Fire is an area in the Pacific Ocean where earthquakes and volcanoes materialize. The minuscule island also perches above four tectonic plates (Eurasian, North American, Pacific, and Philippine). In 2011, a 9.0 earthquake crumbled Japan. This astronomical earthquake was caused when the Pacific and North American plates shifted. Japan’s volcanoes are part of the five volcanic arcs where there are many volcanic bursts. The most recent volcanic activity was on September 27, 2014. 57 people were killed, while debris trashed the land, and smoke and ash choked the air. Many people fear living in Japan for these reasons along with the idea of being completely surrounded by the ocean.


Country Requiem

Not many would think a country that only includes 6,852 islands could be so dangerous. Except don’t be fooled by the size of this country, it is dangerously scary. Japan has to be resilient through over 1,500 earthquakes that shake the ground a year. Not only are earthquakes feared here, but volcanoes are located everywhere along the islands of Japan. The tallest volcano in Japan is Mount Fuji, standing 3,776 meters in the sky. Besides the enormous Mount Fuji, there are over 200 volcanoes in Japan. Although Japan is one of the most serious locations on Earth with lots of tectonic activity, don’t let weather and a bit of science scare one away from having a one-in-a-lifetime experience.


Metamorphic Choices

The bellowing sounds of perilous tectonic movement is enough to scare one away. But even though earthquakes and volcanoes may frightened many, humanity must find the courage to be brave enough to face their fears. Even when there is no hope, one should look for a rainbow after the rain. Considering the facts in the entries above one will now be able to find out if that “beautiful place” is actually so beautiful.

Work Cited

Danni

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Janesa

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Joy

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"Morphological Analysis of Active Mount Nemrut Stratovolcano, Eastern Turkey: Evidences and Possible Impact Areas of Future Eruption." Morphological Analysis of Active Mount Nemrut Stratovolcano, Eastern Turkey: Evidences and Possible Impact Areas of Future Eruption. Web. 09 Feb. 2015. <http://www.academia.edu/3732569/Morphological_analysis_of_active_Mount_Nemrut_stratovolcano_eastern_Turkey_evidences_and_possible_impact_areas_of_future_eruption>.

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Angelina

Works Cited

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"Morphological Analysis of Active Mount Nemrut Stratovolcano, Eastern Turkey: Evidences and Possible Impact Areas of Future Eruption." Morphological Analysis of Active Mount Nemrut Stratovolcano, Eastern Turkey: Evidences and Possible Impact Areas of Future Eruption. Web. 09 Feb. 2015. <http://www.academia.edu/3732569/Morphological_analysis_of_active_Mount_Nemrut_stratovol>.

"Morphological Analysis of Active Mount Nemrut Stratovolcano, Eastern Turkey: Evidences and Possible Impact Areas of Future Eruption." Morphological Analysis of Active Mount Nemrut Stratovolcano, Eastern Turkey: Evidences and Possible Impact Areas of Future Eruption. Web. 09 Feb. 2015. <http://www.academia.edu/3732569/Morphological_analysis_of_active_Mount_Nemrut_stratovol>.

"Sakurajima Volcano (Japan): News & Eruption Updates / 5-24 Jan, 2015." Sakurajima Volcano (Japan): News & Eruption Updates / 5-24 Jan, 2015. Web. 09 Feb. 2015. <http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/sakurajima/news.html>.

"Tectonics and Volcanoes of Japan." Tectonics and Volcanoes of Japan. Web. 29 Jan. 2015. <http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/vwdocs/volc_images/north_asia/japan_tec.html>.