Tuvalu

By Claire Schapker

Landforms

Tuvalu's land is mostlyl coral rock. Therefore it doesn't have many landforms. Tuvalu has many inlets such as: Defatule Pass, Te Afua Sari, Te Ava Fuagea, and Te Avaite Lape. Tuvalu also has many reefs such as: Dawson Patches, Lowis Patch, Nares Patch, Tea Akau Pukeu, and Te Akau Pusa. There are no streams or rivers in Tuvalu.

Climates

Tuvalu has a tropical climate. Their winds coming form the east. Tuvalu's rainfall averages about 140 inches a year. Most rain falls in November to Febuary. Funafuti ,the capital, has had several cyclones in 1894,1972,1990.

Plants and Animals

Plants include: coconut palm, pandanus, and imported fruit trees.

Animals include: fowls, dogs, Polynesian rat, reef herons, and terns noddies.

Natural resources

Tuvalus main resource is fish. Tuvalu's soil isn't good enough to grow anything but coconuts.

History of Tuvalu

Spanish explorers were the first to come to the islands of Tuvalu in 1568. The office of British High Commissioner for the Western Pacific was created in 1877. US forces occupied the Ellice Islands(what Tuvalu was then known) in 1943 and drove the Japanese out of the Gilbert's. In April 1997 the Union Jack was restored as part of Tuvalu's national flag by vote of 7 to 5 in Parliment. In 1998 Tuvalu began selling Internet addresses in it TV domain. On April 27,1999 Lonatana Lonatana was elected as prime minister. In April 1999 Tuvalu got economic help while suffering through a severe drought.

People and language

In 2005 the population density was 386 per sq. km. 15% were Vaitupu, 11% Niutao, 11% Nanumea, and the 63% is divided among Nukufetau, Nanumanga, Nui, Nukubelae, Niulakita. The capital Funafuti had a population of 6,000. English and Tuvaluan are the main languages.

Landuse

Tuvalu has poor soil quality and uncertain rains means that only coconuts can be grown.

Religion and education

The main religions are Baha'is, Jehovah's Witnesses, Catholics, Muslims, Baptists, Mormons, and atheists.

All children in Tuvalu receive free primary education. Tuvaluan school system has 7 years of primary education and 6 years of secondary education.

Traditions and customs

Tariffs, applying mostly to private imports are levied as a source of revenue.