Jean Bullant

By: Nick Cannone

Early Life

Jean Bullant was a French architect, author, and sculptor. Born in 1520 in Écouen, France, Bullant spent most of his life as a youth studying architecture in Italy. This exposure to classic Roman architecture styles played a large role in creating Bullant's manneristic style.


Mid Life

After returning to his home in France in 1540, Bullant joined the Service of Constable of Montmorency (The Early French Army). During his time in the service, Bullant designed the Constable's Chateau. Constable's Chateau is proof of Bullant's manneristic and Roman style, as many architectual elements closely resemble The Pantheon in Rome. Bullant also created the designs for the Louvre (a famous fortress in the center of paris), the Chateau d'Écouen, the Tuileries, and the tomb of Catherine de Medici. His most notable books include the Générale d'Architecture in 1563 and the Petit Traicté de Geometrie in 1564. Also, Bullant's book Régle générale d ’architecture des cinq manières de colonnes, which was also written in 1564, has been published in France's national architecture textbook. Throughout his life, Bullant worked closely with Anne de Montmorency, Henri II and Catherine de Medici, as they commissioned him to do many projects. He sometimes worked on projects with Philibert de l'Orme, as the two had very similar styles. Jean Bullant is closely linked to capitalism and humanism. He is related to capitalism because the buildings he designed cost a lot of money, and acted as a symbol for a families wealth and good heritage. Humanism is linked to Jean Bullant because the buildings built were not ones that honored the gods. In fact they actually honored other people such as the tombs he built and the statue built at the Chateau at Chantilly.

Late Life

Jean Bullant spent the final years of his life in the same place that he was born, his hometown of Écouen, France. A few years later in 1578, Jean Bullant died at the age of 58. Bullant may be dead but his legacy has proven amaze and inspire countless generations.

Chateau de Chantilly

The Chateau de Chantilly is located in Chantilly, France. The town of Chantilly is a small town located 23 miles northeast of Paris. The complex is comprised of two buildings, the Petit Chateau and the Grand Chateau. The Grand Chateau was destroyed during the French Revolution, though it was rebuilt in 1870. The Petit Chateau, the oldest part of the complex still in existence and was designed by Bullant. The Petit Chateau was built in 1560 for Anne de Montmorency. Today, the Chateau de Chantilly is owned by the French Art Institute, and houses the Musee Conde, one of the finest collections of art in the world. The Chateau de Chantilly represents the shift to humanism during the time period. The Chateau embodies many statues of people and animals, no gods. I find this piece interesting because not only is the combination of the building's architecture on land and over the water sensational, but the fact that it is still standing today while many other buildings of its kind are not is truly amazing. Some interesting facts about the Chateau de Chantilly is that President Nixon deeply admired it, and wished that he could visit it more frequently. Also, many movies have been filmed at the Chateau, most notably are The Pink Panther and multiple James Bond movies.

Bibliography

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N.d. Photograph. Http://www.jardinez.com/parc/pj/60chantilly.jpg. Web.




Creator

Jean Bullant



Title

Chateau



Date

Circa 1555-1560