Raymond's Run

By: Toni Bambara Created by: hannah osbourn

biography summary on Toni Bambara

Toni Cade Bambara was born Miltona Mirkin Cade in 1939, in the neighborhood of Harlem, in New York City. She was born at the end of the Harlem Renaissance. During this period, the predominantly African-American neighborhood became a center of black culture – particularly literature, music, and visual arts. The area's rich history deeply influenced Bambara, as did her relationship with her mother, who encouraged her daughter's creativity. Bambara's mother also encouraged her to take pride in her race, insisting her daughter inform her about any racist treatment she ever encountered. When Bambara was ten, her family left Harlem. She spent the rest of her youth in and around New York City, in the boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, and in the suburbs in New Jersey.