By: Raima H.🌸
⚔BATTLES OF BULLRUN⚔
- This was the first major land battle of the armies in Virginia. On July 16, 1861, the untried Union army under Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell marched from Washington against the Confederate army, which was drawn up behind Bull Run beyond Centreville.
- On the 21st, McDowell crossed at Sudley Ford and attacked the Confederate left flank on Matthews Hill. Fighting raged throughout the day as Confederate forces were driven back to Henry Hill.
- Late in the afternoon, Confederate reinforcements extended and broke the Union right flank. The Federal retreat rapidly deteriorated into a rout. Thomas J. Jackson earned the nom de guerre “Stonewall.” By July 22, the shattered Union army reached the safety of Washington.
- Forces engaged were: Union were 28,450 and confederates were 32,230 people.
- In the Union,460 people were killed 1,124 were wounded and 1,312 were missing and captured.
- In the confederate 387 were killed, 1,582 were wounded and 13 were missing and captured.
- The result was confederate with victory.
Joseph E. Johnston's thoughts and opinions about this war
He was very confident about this upcoming war "The battle of Bullrun".He stated that "We got everything,the people the weapons and we just need to attack and we'll get the victory."
His confident rose him up and at last he did get his early victory.
My opinion about the Battle of Bullrun
- People of the North were so sure they would win the battle, many of them took picnics and watched from a nearby hill.
- And another one would be the about the Confederate spy named Rose Greenhow provided information on Union army plans that helped the Confederate generals during the battle.
This battle teaches us a valuable lesson about, not losing focus in doing something valuable to you, no matter how easy it seems to be.
⚔BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG⚔
What is the Battle of Gettysburg?
Quotes from Robert Lee
- Col. Robert E. Lee, U.S.A. in a letter to his son Custis, January 23, 1861
"I shall carry with me to the grave the most grateful recollections of your kind consideration, & your name & fame will always be dear to me. Save in the defense of my native State, I never desire again to draw my sword."
- Robert E. Lee to General Winfield Scott