Demeter and Persephone

By: Carlee Cline

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Background for Demeter

Demeter is the goddess of fertility and the mother of corn. She is the daughter of Cronos and Rhea. She symbolizes fertility, agriculture, motherhood and the seasons. She was a very important goddess for the Greeks to worship since agriculture was the center of their culture. Her siblings include Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hestia and Hera.

Background for Persephone

Persephone was the goddess of the Underworld. She is the daughter of Zeus and Demeter. She is very beautiful and drew in many lovers.
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How Persephone Became The Goddess of The Underworld

Hades, the god of the Underworld saw Persephone picking flowers with her mother and other ladies one day. He was so taken with her that he grabbed her and rode back into the Underworld.


Demeter tore herself apart looking for Persephone. She ran into villages asking they've seen a girl running through. I wasn't until Helios, the sun god, told her that Hades took her that she knew where Persephone had went.


Demeter furiously went into the Underworld demanding for her daughter back. Zeus let the mother and daughter be united until it was pointed out that Persephone had eaten pomegranate seeds in the Underworld causing her to have to stay in the Underworld for a third of every year.


Demeter was sad for that third of the year and that is what causes winter. When Persephone is returned, the seasons are happy and flourishing.


Hades promised Persephone that she would be in good hands while in the Underworld.

"… I shall be no unfitting husband for you among the deathless gods, that am own brother to father Zeus. And while you are here, you shall rule all that lives and moves and shall have the greatest rights among the deathless gods: those who defraud you and do not appease your power with offerings, reverently performing rites and paying fit gifts, shall be punished for evermore." (Homeric Hymn to Demeter 363).

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Demeter and The Small Prince

While searching for her daughter, Demeter came across a small village. She disguised herself as an old lady and was given great care by the King and Queen there. In return, Demeter started the process of making their son immortal. She fed him the food of the gods and placed him in a fire to burn off his mortality.


One of the queen's attendants found her doing this and cried out. This made Demeter furious and she stopped what she was doing and cried out.


"Witless are you mortals … For I would have made your son deathless and unaging all his days, but now he can in no way escape death …" (Homeric Hymn to Demeter 256).

Works Cited

D'Aulaire, Ingri, and Edgar Parin D'Aulaire. Ingri and Edgar Parin D'Aulaire's Book of Greek Myths. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1962. Print.


"Demeter - Greek Mythology Link." Demeter - Greek Mythology Link. Web. 05 Nov. 2014. <http://www.maicar.com/GML/Demeter.html>.


"Persephone - Greek Mythology Link." Persephone - Greek Mythology Link. Web. 07 Nov. 2014. <http://www.maicar.com/GML/Persephone.html>.


"Demeter." UXL Encyclopedia of World Mythology. Vol. 2. Detroit: UXL, 2009. 293-297. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 9 Nov. 2014.




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