Natural disaster Of Uttarakhand

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India's Flood, Uttarakhand - BBC News (15 July 2013)


In June 2013, a multi-day cloudburst centered on the North Indian state of Uttarakhand caused devastating floods and landslides in the country's worst natural disaster since the 2004 tsunami. Though some parts of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh in India, some regions of Western Nepal, and some parts of Western Tibet also experienced heavy rainfall, over 95% of the casualties occurred in Uttarakhand. As of 16 July 2013, according to figures provided by the Uttarakhand government, more than 5,700 people were "presumed dead."


The reasons for this disaster can be either man made or natural reasons. Let us look at few of them :

The MAN MADE reasons:


  1. Roads destabilising mountains - : The huge expansion of roads and transport are said to be making the mountains of Uttarakhand weak . The roads is a major destabilising factor for a mountain and it is a new phenomenon for the Himalaya.
  2. Threat from dams. :- The Ganga in the upper reaches has been an engineer’s playground. Rough construction, of roads, or dams, has led to land use change and the cumulative effect is getting reflected in the extent of damage rains have caused.
Heavy machines cause more frequent landslides -: The heavy machines used , caused the mountains to be very fragile which causes more frequent landslides. Also , the mountains are broken down for the expansion of roads which may lead to further more damage.

The NATURAL reasons can be :

  1. The major cause of the unprecedented devastation was the crumbling of the Kedar Dome, a glacier-like body of rock and ice. This breaking of this enormous ‘glacier’ following the cloudburst and the eventual landslides caused a major rupture in the Charbari Lake.
  2. Huge rocks broke away from Kedar Dome after the flash floods caused by the cloudburst. These rocks, however, got stuck some distance away from the Kedarnath temple.

Historical Significance of places in Uttarakhand where disaster was more severe.


Kedernath is a town located in Uttarakhand. It's said to be the worst affected area after the severe floods that occured on June 2013 in the state of Uttarakhand. The town has gained its fame due to the most important part of the town , The Kedernath temple. Kedernath is located in the Himalayas , thus even making the kedernath moutains an important aspect of the town.

  • The kedernath moutanains are two mountains in the Gangotri group of peaks in the western Garhwal himalayala in Uttarakhand. Kedernath and Kedernath Dome were first climbed together in 1947, by a Swiss team , led by ANDRE ROCH.
  • The Kedernath temple , is one of the holiest temples dedicated to lord Shiva. Due to extreme weather conditions , the temple is open only for a cutsom time period. The disastrous floods ruined the temple premises also killing many of the pilgrims and locals.


Steps Taken By the Government to Uttarakhand Devastation.

After the tragedy, Uttarakhand chief minister Vijay Bahuguna imposed ban on construction of house and commercial establishments along the river banks. "The Cabinet also decided to revise the norms for relief and rehabilitation in the wake of the massive tragedy by widening the scope of beneficiaries ranging from small kiosks to 'dhabas' to big hotels." Bahuguna said.

The state is expecting Crores from World Bank and Asian Development Bank for reconstruction and rehabilitation efforts. Rs.50,000 to 1 lakh was given to small hotels and 'dhabas' and Rs 2 Lakhs was given to big hotels which were completely destroyed.

Other major measures were:

  • Affected locals needn't pay their loans to banks for a year.
  • People were given FOC 15 kgs of rice and flour, 5 kgs of pulse, 3 kgs of sugar, 1 litre of refined mustard oil, salt and spices, 10 litres of kerosene to each family that are totally stranded without any shelter.
  • Students of intermediate standard will be given Rs 500 as a one time compensation each. While students of polytechnic and degree colleges will get Rs 1000 as one time compensation.
  • The Union Health Minister also sent teams to all 13 districts of the state to monitor the situation.

Thus, these were the immediate acts taken by the government of Uttarakhand after the Tragic incident.