The Lord of the Flies

By William Golding

What's an Allegory?

An allegory is a story, poem, or picture that has a meaning behind it. It usually reveals a political or moral theme that can teach someone about something. The Lord of the Flies is an allegory because after reading the book, you can interpret that every human soul has at least a little bit of evil in them. Original Sin.


Chapter 1: The Sound of the Shell

The title refers to the conch that the boys find

1. Boys land on the island

2. They discover a large pink conch

3. Ralph is elected leader over Jack

4. Jack finds pig. Tries to kill it. Can't.

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Chapter 2: Fire on the Mountain

The title refers to the fire that the boys start with piggy's glasses

1. Ralph gathers boys with the conch

2. The beast is mentioned for the first time

3. They let the fire get out of hand

4. They used Piggy's glasses to start the fire. Hence the name "Fire on the Mountain"

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Chapter 3: Huts on the Beach

The boys wanted to focus on building shelter and their survival

1. Simon is introduced

2. They realized they might be there longer than they thought so they built shelter

3. People start taking sides

4. Ralph and Piggy build huts on the beach

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Chapter 4: Painted Faces and Long Hair

The title refers to the boys' abandoning of civilization

1. The littleuns were having nightmares

2. Pig hunt

3. Jack tells everyone about the hunt

4. Piggy fusses and gets punched in the face

Chapter 5: Beast from Water

The title refers to Percival's remark about how the beast could arise from the water

1. Ralph call boys for a serious meeting

2. Simon is mistaken for a beast

3. Simon attempts to explain that the boys themselves could be the beast they fear

4. Jack and Ralph get into an intense argument

Chapter 6: Beast from Air

The title refers to when the dead parachutist flies down and it looks like a beast with wings so they assume that that is the beast

1. They see dead parachutist

2. Twins tell Ralph about the "beast"

3. Jack wants to hunt it

4. They go to the rocks only to find nothing

Chapter 7: Shadows and Small Trees

The title refers to the dense jungle that they had to go through while searching for "the beast"

1. Jack and Ralph lead the search for the beast

2. They chase boar and stick it with a spear

3. Jack's arm gets his arm cut

4. Simon disappears in the forest

Chapter 8: Gift for the Darkness

The title refers to the placing of the pig's head on a stick.

1. Both Jack and Ralph claim to have seen the beast.

2. Jack no longer wants Ralph to be a leader.

3. Piggy thinks they should build the signal fire on the beach.

4. Jack and Roger brutally murder and decapitate a pig.

Chapter 9: A View to a Death

The title of chapter 9 refers to the death of Simon.

1. Simon wakes up with a bloody nose.

2. Piggy and Ralph go to the feast, hoping they will be able to control whatever happens.

3. Simon is mistaken by the rest of the boys for a beast.

4. The rest of the boys tear him apart and he falls off a cliff.

Chapter 10: The Shell and the Glasses

The title refers to the conch shell and Piggy's glasses.

1. Ralph and Piggy awaken feeling bad about what they did last night.

2. Jack ties up Wilfred and beats him.

3. Jack says Maurice and Roger should raid Ralph's camp.

4. Ralph is awakened at his camp by the screams of his boys; they get attacked by some of Jack's boys.

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Chapter 11: Castle Rock

The title refers to Jack's base. It is called castle rock.

1. Ralph tries to light fire in cold air; cant, no glasses.

2. Ralph goes to Castle Rock with conch.

3. Armed guards throw stones at Ralph.

4. Ralph and Jack fight for the second time.

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Chapter 12: Cry of the Hunters

The title refers to when Ralph cries at the end after he sees the British Officer.

1. Ralph hides in the forest.

2. At night Ralph sneaks to the entrance to find Samneric.

3. The twins give Ralph food but tell him to leave.

4. After being chased by all the bad boys, Ralph stumbles across a British Naval Officer and cries.



Represents leadership; most charismatic

Jack Merridew

Represents savagery and violence. Leader of the choir/hunter boys


Christ-like figure; natural human goodness


Represents intelligence. Overweight; whiny; wears glasses; has asthma


The most evil; rolls boulder on Piggy and kills him


One of Jack's hunters; stills feels bad as he and Roger kick over the little kids sandcastles;


The youngest and smallest boys on he island; they don't matter as much as the other older boys

Sam n Eric

only two that remain with Ralph and Piggy; twins


the biggest of the littleuns; one of the most innocent


One of the smallest on the island; says name to comfort himself

British Officer

Comes to the boys' rescue at the end of the novel; says his ship decided to inspect the island because of all the smoke from the forest fire that Jack set off


Conch Shell

Used to gather all of the boys after they crash; symbol of hope


Just a relic from the old world

Hair and Face Paint

It showed that they have turned into more animal-like humans

The Fire

The fire symbolizes hope for the boys' rescue

Piggy's Eyeglasses

Another symbol for hope. The only way they know how to start a fire is with Piggy's glasses

Pig's Head on Stick

The Pig's head on the stick represents the savagery and evil that the boys all released from inside of them


Civilization vs. Savagery

The boys all go from civilized little school boys to straight savages. Ralph represents the order that they lost and Jack represents the savagery.

Experience vs. Innocence

As the story progresses most boys lose their innocence with each bad thing they do. They become more experienced.

Nature of Violence

Every human has a natural tendency to turn to violence if no rules or laws are set. This is due to Original Sin.

Biblical Motifs

Simon acts as Jesus. He is one of the kindest boys on the island, has a bond with nature, and died an unnatural death at the hands of another.

Garden of Eden

The island is like the garden of Eden, untouched and perfect, until the boys come.

Why does Ralph cry at the end of the story?

1. Relief that it is all over because the officer found them and

2. He just watched Piggy die and he is traumitized

Lord of the Flies - Beast as Metaphor