Down Syndrome

By: Olivia Sperry

Symptoms of Disorder

According to research children with down syndrome, they have a specific facial appearance. For example,

  • Short Neck

  • Flattened Facial Features

  • Small or deformed ears

  • Small Head

  • Brushfield (Tiny white spots on iris)

  • Short Height

  • Short Hands with one crease in the palm


Picture Credits

"Down Syndrome." Baron Therapy Services LLC. N.p., 22 Jan. 2014. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.

Complications from Disorder

It can cause intellectual disability and developmental delays, sometimes even health problems. It depends on the severity.


Picture Credits

Rudd, Katie. "Intellectual Disabilities." Pinterest. N.p., 2012. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.

Inheritance

Usually down syndrome is not inherited. When nondisjunction occurs, or when an error in cell division occurs, chromosome 21 could be the chromosome affected. In this case, another copy of chromosome 21 is made and the child then inherits down syndrome.


Picture Credits

Burns, Maddi. "Could There Be A Cure For Down Syndrome In The Near Future?" The Odyssey. N.p., 03 Nov. 2015. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.

Carriers Can Be Detected By...

Treatments

  • Professionals that could be in the treatment to help may include, special educators, speech therapists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, and social workers.

  • Research shows that if you try to help early in your child’s life, than it can improve outcomes for your child. This assistance can begin shortly after birth and usually continues until a child turns 3.


Picture Credits

Jessen, Leah. "Teen Model With Down Syndrome Lands First Campaign."The Daily Signal. N.p., 06 July 2015. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.

Research Outlook

Research is being done to help find new ways to treat patients with down syndrome. A novel therapeutic strategy is being tested. Though it is not yet safe for humans.


Picture Credits

Stigall, Rebecca. "Understanding Down Syndrome." - Body+soul. N.p., 20 Jan. 2010. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.

Additional Information

Down syndrome is the most common chromosome abnormality. It affects 1 out of every 800 to 1,000 babies.

There are about 400,000 people living in the United States that have down syndrome.

Learn and Help

To learn more about down syndrome go to http://www.webmd.com/children/tc/down-syndrome-topic-overview, http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/down-syndrome/basics/definition/con-20020948, or http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/genetic/down_syndrome.html#.
To help and join the fight against down syndrome donate and lend a hand to the national down syndrome society, or the ndss at http://www.ndss.org/ You could also help the National Association for Down Syndrome, or the nads at http://www.nads.org/

Down Syndrome Connection of NW Arkansas


You could also contact a local organization. Jennifer McWhorter, is the current President of dscna. To learn even more you can contact her with the information below.

Bibliography

"Down Syndrome." - Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.

"Down Syndrome." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Mary L. Gavin. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Sept. 2015. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.

"What Are Common Treatments for Down Syndrome?" Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. N.p., 17 Jan. 2014. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.

"Down Syndrome." Genetics Home Reference. N.p., 30 Nov. 2015. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.

"Research Update: New Potential Therapeutic Target in Down Syndrome."Down Syndrome Research Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.

"National Down Syndrome Society - The National Advocate for People with Down Syndrome Since 1979." National Down Syndrome Society - The National Advocate for People with Down Syndrome Since 1979. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.

"Down Syndrome - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment - from WebMD." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.

"Down Syndrome." Down Syndrome. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2015.