Pine Flatwoods & Dry Prairies

By: Chiara Czulno & Tayler Jasikiewicz

Introduction

We have Pine Flatwoods and Dry Prairies. It is low and flat. This habitat is relatively poorly drained, it is acidic, and has sandy soils. Pine Flatwoods & Dry Prairies have Pine in some parts which would result in a pine-y scent. Pine Flatwoods & Dry Prairies have some mud from the watering holes which would result in a earthy smell. Pine Flatwoods and Dry Prairies cover 50% of the state of Florida and is the largest single ecological habitat.
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Abiotic Factors

Pine Flatwoods are the most extensive terrestrial ecosystem in Florida. The soils that Pine Flatwoods contain are mostly acidic and have low values of nutrients, a very low organic content, and a low clay content. Fresh water is usually found in Pine Flatwoods from rainfall, little to no surface water may be visible. Pine Flatwoods are usually considered, 'high and dry'.

Biotic Factors

Pine Flatwoods have a wide variety of biotic factors, to name most;



-Mammals include; the bobcat, fox squirrels, the grey fox, armadillos, eastern cottontail rabbits, cotton rats, white-talied deer, skunks, raccoons, and opossums.

-Birds found are; the red-shouldered hawk, Bachman's sparrow, Bobwhite quail, brown-headed nuthatch, meadowlark, piliated woodpecker, pine warbler, red-bellied woodpecker, rufus-sided towhee, and the yellow-throated wabler.

-Reptiles are; the eastern diamond rattlesnake, pygmy rattlesnake, and the yellow rattlesnake.

-And Amphibians are; the oak toad, the chorus toad, pinewood tree frogs, cricket frogs, grass frog, and the flatwoods salamander.


Vegetation includes;


-Dominant trees; slash pine, south Florida slash pine, pond pine, and longleaf pine

-Shrubs; saw palmetto, galberry, fetterbush, wax myrtle, dwarf live oak, tarflower, and blueberries/health

- Minor hardwoods; live oak, water oak, sweet gum, red maple, and ash.

Examples of wildlife and plants

Endangered Wildlife and Endangered Plants

Endangered Wildlife:

-Mammals; Florida black bear and Florida panther

-Birds; Southeastern kestrel, red-cockaded woodpecker, Florida sandhill crane, and the bald eagle.

-Reptiles; eastern indigo snake


Endangered Plants:

-Shrubs; Chapman's rhododendron

Classification of The Florida Panther

Domain: Eukaryote

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Family: Felidae

Genus: Puma

Species: P. Concolor

Endangered Florida Panther (Extra Credit)

Throughout the 1800’s and early 1900’s, people feared Puma concolor, because it posed a risk to their livestock.The species was maliciously hunted and almost eradicated from the eastern United States.Today there are less than 100 Florida panthers left in the world.

Description: Florida panthers are large, tan cats. Their bodies are mainly covered in tawny-beige fur, except for the whitish-gray belly and chest. Black markings decorate the tip of the tail, ears and around the snout.

Diet: Florida panthers are carnivores. They are skilled at hunting white-tailed deer, feral hogs, raccoons and other medium-sized mammals and reptiles. Florida panthers also stalk birds.

Habitat: Florida panthers utilize a diversity of warm climate habitats. They live in wetlands, swamps, upland forests, and stands of saw palmetto.

Human Impacts

Pine Flatwoods are the most humanely influenced ecosystem type in Florida. Pine Flatwoods have a flat topography which makes it ideal for home sites, crop land, and pastures. Thousands of acres, already, have been cleared for roads, railroads, and other human uses. Wildlife has been impacted because of the lack of environment, such as the Florida panther, that strives to not be considered extinct. Humans focus on production on timber, pulpwood and other products that could impact the environment. These don't only impact the environment but also the wildlife and plant species.

Water

Water is important for different reasons:

-The animal life can drink the water and not die off.

-The plant life need it so they can make their own food and survive.

-The water acts as another source of food for the animals around.

-It is a place for other species of animals to live live fishes,alligators,etc.

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