Supreme Court Justice John Marshall
By: Dylan Benson
- John Marshall was born in Germantown Virginia on September,24,1755
- He joined the Culpepper minutemen as an officer in 1775 at the beginning of the Revolutionary war.
- He was in several major battles and bunkered down with Washington at Valley forge.
- At Valley forge he met George Washington and a relationship was formed.
- He mustered out of the army in 1781 as a captain and soon became interested in law.
- The army gave him some values he always kept, some of his beliefs are:The idea of unity for the colonies, supremacy of the national government, and a strong federal view.
Early law career
- He quickly distinguished himself in state politics catching the eye of more then a few 'elites'
- He sat on the House of Burgesses (1782-1784) (1787-1791)(1795-1797)
- At only 27 he was elected by legislature to the Govener's Council of State
- Throughout all this time John Marshall remained a strong federalist
- John Marshall was official elected Supreme Court Justice in 1801
- In his first major case Marbury.v.Madison (1803) he established Judicial review*
- where the court can look at a law or amendment and declare it unconstitutional and void it
- John Marshall decided the fate of the nation dozens of times each time believing in the national government.
- An example is in Ware.v.Hylton (1796) where he declared that if the National law scrapes with a state or county law the National law is correct.
Other major cases
- Marbury.v.Madison (1803)
- United States.v.Peters (1809)
- McCulloch.v.Maryland (1819)
- Worcester.v.Georgia (1832)
- Brown.v.Maryland (1827)
- Dartmouth.v.Woodward (1819)
- Cohens.v.Virginia (1821)
- Gibbons.v.Ogden (1824)
Appleby,Joyce Oldham,Alan Brinkley,Abert S.Broussard, James M.McPherson, and Donald A.Ritchie.United States history too 1877.