Greek Culture

700 212 B.C.

Greek Culture

Ares the god of war or otherwise known as Mars in Rome. Is harsh and unforgiving. He starts battles and if he is losing battles he kills every single one of them with out mercy.

He is the son of Zeus and Hera. He has several sons and daughters (as shown in picture).

His lover is Aphrodite.

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The Greek Mind

The Greeks believed that the human mind was capable of great understanding.One type of thinker was a philosopher.Through philosophy,which they created,Greek philosophers helped develop the of many subjects.

In Ancient Greece sophists were a category of teachers who specialized in using the techniques of philosophy and rhetoric for the purpose of teaching arete-"excellence" or "virtue"-predominantly to young statesman and nobility.

Ancient Greek medicine is probably the basis of modern scientific medicine.Hippocrates was a physician in Ancient Greece who is regarded as the "father of medicine."He believed diseases came from natural causes.He traveled all over Greece to help the sick.

Alexander's Empire

Alexander became a ruler of Macedonia and Greece at age 20. He prepared for the invasion of the Persian Empire. Alexander led 40,000 Macedonian and Greek soldiers into Asia Minor. His goal was to defeat the Persians. A year and a half later in 333 b.c. Alexander fought the Persians at Issus, in Syria. Alexander and his army invaded Mesopotamia in 331 b.c. After he conquered Persia, In 327 b.c, he marched his army into Northwestern India. His soldiers were tired of constant fighting and refused to go farther, he agreed to lead them home. In 323 b.c Alexander returned to Babylon, one of the Persian cities now under his control. The hardships of the journey had wrecked his health. Suffering from wounds and worn out by fever, Alexander died at the age of 32.

Hellenistic Culture

During the Hellenistic Era, philosophers, scientists, poets, and writers moved to new Greek cities of SW Asia and Egypt. Hellenistic cities were the center of learning and culture. Hellenistic rulers supported talented writers. Poets and writers produced a large amount of literature during the Hellenistic Era. Argonautica was written by Appolonius of Rhodes, it tells a story about a man named Jason and a band of heroes sailing the seas to find a ram with a golden fleece. Greek Theater was different in the Hellenistic Age. People made comedies about love and relationships instead of poking fun at political leaders. One of the best known playwrights and poet of Greek New Comedy was Menander. Through his work he influenced the development of European comedy during the Renaissance.

Hellenistic Culture: Thinkers and Scientists

The two most important Hellenistic philosophers were Epicurus and Zeno. Epicurus founded a philosophy named Epicureanism. His students were taught that happiness was the goal of life. Zeno developed a philosophy called Stoicicm. The Stoics claimed that people who were guided by emotions lived an unhappy life.