Canada in 2060

By Marko Jandrieski


No one knows what the future holds for the world, and not knowing how the world will end up can be scary, but at the same time intriguing. Although no one knows the exact fate of the world, using today's data can give us some insight to what the world will look like for us and our way of life. In this case it’s what the future holds for Canada, leading up to the year 2060. Canada’s careful attention to data allows us to predict immigration, population, and aboriginal trends knowing what we know about them today. This article interprets Canada’s future trends.

Pull Factors

Canada has many pull factors that cause people to want to come to Canada in this day and age, things like health care, freedom, and a balanced government all support the immigration of people into Canada, but how will the pull factors in 2060 be the same or different? Using the demographic transition model we can see that Canada's population will slowly increase over the years. A larger population means that more people will need jobs, there will be more people working for Canada. Having more people in Canada means that the economy and government would have to adapt to these circumstances, meaning a more developed country. People around the world strive toward a country that is developed where they can live their life in ease and at peace, and with Canada's development in the future it would mean more people would want to come to Canada.

Push Factors

A growing population can be either good or bad depending on how the government and the economy handles the increase. With a growing population runs the risk of overpopulation, which would result many other consequences. Canada is a large country, but population is condensed to its major cities Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver ect. (Connelly) which is where immigrants are most likely to immigrate to, because they are the most developed areas. Over the years more and more people are going to move to these areas, which will slowly become over populated and become unattractive places to live. Canada needs to adapt and develop its less populated regions to sure that overpopulaion is not and issue in the year 2060.

Rate of Immigration

Today, Canada brings in approximately 250 000 people per year and has been that way since about the year 1990, without much increase. Canada's increase rate is already one of the highest in the world, which leads in some controversy (Immigration Watch Canada). Any significant amount larger than 250 000 in the world would be too much, which is the reason it has remained about the same rate for the past decade. Looking towards the future it seems as though the rate of immigration to Canada will stay the same at about 250 000 per year, as anymore wouldn't be viable, and Canada should focus on fixing other issues that Canada has within itself before it looks at bringing in more people per year than it already does.

Birth Rate

The demographic transition model can tell us about Canada’s birth rate in the future, in Canada’s current stage, (stage four) Canada’s birth rate stabilizes and doesn’t increase or decrease much. Looking towards the past, this has been the case as the birth rate hasn’t changed drastically (Index Mundi) Stage five in the demographic transition model remains a mystery, but judging from the past I can predict that Canada’s birth rate will remain the same going towards the future until some large circumstance changes the development in Canada and therefore changes the birth rate, but until that happens there isn’t a way to see what that change is.

Death Rate

The death rate in Canada has had some alterations over the years but more than always finds the average and stays remains at that point which represents the demographic transition model, and how a country in stage four of the transition model, like Canada has a death rate that stays the same over time. Looking towards stage five of the transition model is unknown but can be put to interpretation. The result of Canada’s slowly increasing population is because there is a difference in birth rate and death rate (higher birth rate as appose to death rate = increasing population.) Having a growing population means that there either is an increase in birth rate and death rate remains the same, or birth rate remains the same and death rate decreases, which makes more sense. Advancements in technology and health care that happen every day help people live longer and decrease the amount of deaths per year, and one can only imagine what advancements will be made in the future, so it would be the most logical if the death rate decreases towards the year 2060.

Population Size

The population of Canada will slowly increase towards the year 2060 according to the demographic transition model, where Canada is in stage four. In stage four, Canada has a high population with little difference between birth rate and death rate, meaning that the total population of Canada will increase, but at very slow increments. Using the data of today’s population we can predict the population in 2060, about 45 000 000 people. (The Globe And Mail)

Equality with Aboriginals

In todays day in age aboriginals have been gaining and developing the same rights that the rest of the population of Canada has had in the past, and its only continuing to develop. Aboriginal efforts have been put in place all over Canada where significant milestones have been hit to end our differences and unite as we are all part of Canada. In the future this will continue to grow, as ending the effort to create equality would be going back on everything we've accomplished so far. In the year 2060 there might not even be anymore movements for aboriginal equality as they will already be recognized as the same as everyone else where there would be no controversy over the similarities and differences that we share.


The population of aboriginals in Canada is a faster growing population than the rest of the population in Canada, increasing by 20% between 2006 and 2011 (12.statcan) Along with being the youngest population in Canada, their population is greatly increasing. Many developments and laws have been put in place that have allowed for them to have a better quality of live and expand their population. In the future it seems as though the aboriginals will continue to grow and intertwine with the rest of Canada's multicultural environment.

Settling Old Ground

Canada's past with aboriginals is a dark part of Canada's history that should not be forgotten, and the aboriginals haven't. "Getting over it" is easier said than done, because actions that still keep you fighting to give justice to are too important to just forget. Settling old ground and finding ways of making up for what Canada has done to aboriginals in the past is a nessassary step that needs to be taken to further the development of Canada, and in the future it seems as the painful memories will go away. Aboriginals have seen that today's world is different than the world the remember and have decided that the past is in the past. In the year 2060 Canada's dark past with the aboriginals will be something only prominent in history books.


Looking at all these trends that make Canada what it is have given us a glimpse as what Canada may look like in the in the future, up to the year 2060. It is nessessary to look and study all these trends so that we may prepare for what the future holds to make for the best possible country for generations to come, and provide a home for any that need one regardless of their country of origin, background, or whatever it may be so that Canada keeps what makes Canada Canada for years to come.