Ancient Greece

By Mikey, Erick, David, and Laolu

Erick Islas-Hernandez, Historian

Greece geography

In Europe near the Mediterranean sea, a long time ago, a peninsula held a civilization, Ancient Greece. The Greeks had many things to help them in that area. They had good rocks and soil for crops. The Greeks also has water access for ports and crops.


The Greeks used lots of things in Greece to help them. They used water, trees, dry balls of woad, and plants. They used water for planting, plants were for dye, dry balls of woad were for dying things blue, and trees were for the Archimedean Screw. The Greece area was blessed. They had good weather for crops and ports, mountains for planting, and four seasons for nice weather. Ancient Greece is located today in Greece, Greek owned islands, and some parts of Turkey.

The Minoan civilization starts in 3000 B.C., on a island called "Crete" and also, Ancient Greece was called "the birth place of western civilization." When the "Mycenaean Age" ended, the Greeks entered another age, the "Dark Age" in which Greece suffered with scarce food and the population decreased. There was Zeus, King of gods. His brother Poseidon was the god of the sea. And his other brother, Hades was the god of the underworld and some children of Zeus were Apollo the god of the sun and of the arts, medicine, music, and poetry. His twin sister Artemis, was the goddess of the moon, and goddess of childbirth and of all natural things. Athena was goddess of wisdom, and of crafts such as spinning, weaving, and pottery. And Ares the god of war but with a bad mood (his father Zeus didn't even like him).

In 3000 B.C. on the island of Crete, the Minoan civilization starts and Ancient Greece was called "the birth place of western civilization", in the 1200's B.C. the soldiers from Mainland Greece, the Mycenaean's, fight troy and win, the Greeks set off by sea to explore and to set up colonies in 800's B.C. when the "Dark Ages ended", the start of the "Archaic" Greek civilization was marked when the first Olympic Games began in 776 B.C., in 490 B.C. 10,000 Greeks that were mostly from Athens fight a army of 20,000 Persians that were led by King Darius. It was called The Battle of Marathon and is a famous Greek victory against the Persians, in 480 B.C. closing the mountain pass of Thermopylae are 300 Spartan soldiers that are led by King Leonidas defend an invasion of a huge army of Persians.

Laolu Charles, Archeologist

Ancient Greece had the Vine Dresser Knife, and the Archimedes Screw as their special inventions. As a archeologist I was supposed to find out about the legacies of Ancient Greece. I was amazed about how good they were. They had the Olympic games, sculptures, and theaters. Due to the legacies and the special inventions, the Civilization impacted are lives today because if Ancient Greece didn't exist we wouldn't have a lot of things like the Swiss Army Knife, thermometer, and good planting technique's
Ancient Greece had many myths, legends, and stories. Their myths were the mythical creatures and gods they believed in such as Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hera, Hermes, and many other gods. Some of their story names are Hades and The River Styx, Demeter and Persephone, Theseus and the Minotaur, and Danae and The Shower of Gold. Last but not least their legends are the stories and the myths combined.

Zeus

David Elien - Anthropologist

The ancient Greeks believed in polytheism. That means that they worshiped many gods. Some of their gods were Zeus, Apollo, and Athena. Their gods had many temples and people sacrificed to them. Their gods were very important. Their gods were in a lot of the Greeks myths. Their myths explained many natural things that happen. The Greeks had a very stable religion. That is one reason that they were successful.

The Greeks had a regular social hierarchy, with kings on the top then priest and priestess. Below them were specialty workers and then finally the lowest, slaves. They had cities named after their gods like Athens for Athena. They had tools to make temples and statues. If you go there today you will find buildings like the Parthenon and the Acropolis. The Greeks also had a language; it was a lot like ours. The only difference was that ours have 26 letters and theirs had 24. Their language was called ancient Greek. You can still find ancient Greek in fraternity and sorority organization.

The Greek Alphabet