Civil Rights Act of 1968


This act provided for equal housing opportunities regardless of race,creed, or national origin and made it a federal crime to “by force or by threat of force, injure, intimidate, or interfere with anyone.


Only certain kinds of discrimination are covered by fair housing laws.In other words it did not end discrimination at all.


A Cleveland study revealed that 10% of companies in the 1970s practiced racial steering.Another Detroit study showed that whites were rarely shown homes in non-white neighborhoods unless they asked to see them. There are numerous cases and studies done that show the more subtle end of racial and social steering after the Fair Housing Act. On the average, 50% of the time African-Americans are discriminated against when searching for housing.

Violations of the Civil Rights Act of 1968

There are an estimated 2 million cases of housing discrimination each year according to HUD.The National Fair Housing Alliance, the largest fair housing non-profit in the country, estimates that number to be closer to 4 million per year, excluding instances of discrimination due to disability or familial status.The actual number of Fair Housing Act violations is likely much higher than 4 million annually. However, between the years of 1989 and 1992 only 17 of these went to court nationwide. According to one Federal Reserve Board study, among higher income applicants, the denial rates were as follows:African-Americans: 21.4%,Latinos: 15.8%,Asians: 11.2%,Whites: 8.5%