Russia's Daily News

By- Samantha Viera

Chernobyl-

On April 26,1986, a nuclear reactor at a power plant in a small town named Chernobyl exploded and caught fire. After the explosion a 3,280 feet cloud of radioactivity spread over parts of Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia. The winds carried the fallout from the explosion to other areas in Europe and Asia. The radioactivity also reached parts of northern and central Europe. The radioactivity still today makes it hard to farm and do other parts of daily lives, because it contaminated the area so badly. Scientist now know that it will take a very long time to have all of the radioactivity break down and disappear. Still about 30 years later the radioactivity still affects lives. Thirty lives were lost within three months of the accident. The radioactivity also affected the birth of children. About 600,000 people have been affected by the accident. Scientists still don’t know if people’s health is being affected still today. But hopefully in the future the community can go back to the way it was before the accident.


The Trans-Siberian Railroad-

The Trans-Siberian Railroad is the world’s longest continuous railroad, spanning 6.000 miles long. This railroad carries both people and goods to East Asia and Europe. Russia started to build this railroad in 1891. It was originally designed to connect Moscow and Vladivostok because this is a busy port on the Pacific Ocean. The workers (Laborers) began to work at the end of the railroad and started to work toward the center, but the terrain of this area made it difficult. The workers had to lay some of the tracks on the permafrost, and the route for the train went through mountains, forests, rivers, and lakes. Since this was such a big task Russian peasants, convicts, and soldiers were enlisted to work on the railroad. The main route of the railroad from Moscow to Vladivostok was finally completed in 1916. From then on the railroad has been a favored attraction in Russia. Still today the railroad serves travelers and local townspeople that want to learn more about the culture all around Russia.

The Soviet Collapse-

During the 1970s and 1980s the economy had slowed down. The money of the Soviet Union had almost no value outside of the country. The stores didn’t have very much food, and very few goods to buy. During this time the Russian republics were put into the republics and put them in charge. The republics also forced the local people the learn the Russian language. In 1985, a man named Mikhail Gorbachev became the head of the Soviet Communist Party. He promoted a movement called the perestroika. The economy had failed to improve by 1990, so the government started to promote a new plan, that was supposed to change the economy in 500 days. But Gorbachev also started to promote the policy of glasnost. This movement encouraged the people to speak openly about the government. The people started to criticize and protest against the government, and after this they began to demand for more freedom. By the fall of 1990, all of the republics declared to govern themselves (autonomy). In 1991 when the president resigned from his place, all of the republics became independent countries. The Soviet Union and the republics have gotten better at governing their countries over the years, but they are still working on their governing skills.

Chernobyl-

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The Trans-Siberian Railroad-

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The Soviet Collapse-

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