The Chinese Revolution

By: Hope Trier, Maddie Thompson, and Emma Grindle

Geography

In 1931, Japan invaded Manchuria in northeastern China, which contributed to the growing Japanese empire. At the time Jaing was the military and political leader. As Japanese aggression increased, Jiang was forced to create a united front with Japan, or a general agreement.
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Second Sino-Japanese War

In 1937, Japan attacked once again and planes bombed many Chinese cities.


  • Nanjing
  • Shanghai
  • Guangzhou
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  • Japanese troops overran eastern China
  • Jiang's government retreated to the interior of China
  • Jiang set up a new capital called Chongqing
  • December 13, the Japanese marched into Nanjing
  • This was an important cultural center and had been the capital before Chongqing
  • Japanese killed thousands of soldiers and civilians
  • Nanjing surrendered
  • The Soviet union, Britain, France, and the USA assisted
  • China was able to fend off its invaders which led to the end of the war with Japan

Society

The revolution began when China's Qing dynasty had officially fallen. Many people would take over as president and continued to tear China apart with things they would do. Eventually China was split between the North and South and formed two groups, the communists and the nationalists. During the time of many powers, foreign powers and influence in the country rapidly increased.


May Fourth Movement


  • Started to strengthen China once again
  • Students started it
  • Intellectual protest


Jiang Jiesh


  • New nationalists leaders
  • Determined to take down the communists
  • Began the Northern Expedition to take out local communists warlords


Communists


  • Red Bandits escaped the Northern Expedition
  • Long March was to capture them
  • Communism took over China in the end after the Pearl Harbor bombing
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Mao and The Long March

  • The Long March took place from 1934-1935. It was 6,000 miles long. Fighting Nationalist forces where led by Jiang Jieshi. He hoped that during the march he could exterminate communists. The Communists were relocating to a northwestern base. Their leader was Mao Zedong. The Long March is what helped established Mao's leadership of The Chinese Communist Party.
  • On October 1st 1949 Mao declared the creation of The People's Republic of China.
  • Mao led China until his death in 1976
  • During Mao's dictatorship he killed a estimated 49-78 million people. Making him the deadliest dictator in history.

Jiang Jieshi after the revolution

  • The Government of the Republic relocated to Taiwan after the creation of The People's Republic of China.
  • Jiang Jieshi established the exiled government in Taipei which he led until he died in 1975.

Bibliography

Emma

WII Campaigns: China Defensive. (n.d.). Retrieved December 18, 2015, from http://www.history.army.mil/brochures/72-38/72-38.HTM


Bombing of Shanghai, Chongqing, and other Cities. (n.d.). Retrieved December 22, 2015, from http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=281

Hope


Northern Expedition | Chinese history. (n.d.). Retrieved December 18, 2015, from http://www.britannica.com/event/Northern-Expedition


May Fourth Movement | Chinese history. (n.d.). Retrieved December 18, 2015, from http://www.britannica.com/event/May-Fourth-Movement


Chinese Civil War. (n.d.). Retrieved December 18, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_Civil_War#Communist_insurgency_.281927.E2.80.931937.29





Maddie


History.com. (n.d.). Retrieved December 18, 2015, from http://www.history.com


(n.d.). Retrieved December 18, 2015, from http://www.biography.com/people/mao-tse-tung-9398142


The Chinese Revolution of 1949 - 1945–1952 - Milestones - Office of the Historian. (n.d.). Retrieved December 18, 2015, from https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/chinese-rev

China profile - Timeline - BBC News. (n.d.). Retrieved December 18, 2015, from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-13017882


Long March | Chinese history. (n.d.). Retrieved December 18, 2015, from http://www.britannica.com/event/Long-March


(n.d.). Retrieved December 21, 2015, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/chiang_kaishek.shtml


(n.d.). Retrieved December 21, 2015, from http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/china.50/inside.china/profiles/mao.tsetung/