Preventative Health

The Importance of Physical Examination

Mammograms...What are they?

A mammogram is a low-dose x-ray examination of the breasts to look for abnormal changes. They are used to identify breast cancer in its early stages. Getting a mammogram allows the doctor to identify any changes that could not be felt during a physical examination. Woman between the age of 40 to 70 should get mammograms every few years.
- If a woman begins getting yearly mammogram tests at the age of 50, her risk of dieing by breast cancer decreases by 23%.
- If a woman begins getting yearly mammogram test at the age of 40, her risk of dieing by breast cancer decreases by 40%.

There are two main types of mammograms:

Screening Mammograms - are done for women who have no signs of breast cancer identified

Diagnostic Mammograms - are used to check for breast cancer after a sign or symptom of breast cancer has been identified


Source: http://womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/mammograms.html#a

Pap Smears

A pap smear is a microscopic examination of cells taken from the opening of the cervix. Pap Smears are used to identify cervical cancer early.

If you are over the age of 21, you should get a pap smear test every few years to make sure you don't get cervical cancer. If you have 3 or more negative tests in a row, you don't have to get as many tests.

- If you get a pap smear test annually, your risk of getting cervical cancer drastically drops by 90%.



Source: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003911.htm


Prostate Exams...?

A prostate exam or rectal exam is an internal examination of the rectum by a doctor or another healthcare professional. Prostate exams check for signs of prostate cancer in men.


Men over the age of 50 should get prostate exams annually to ensure they catch prostate cancer early.

- Prostate Cancer accounts for 28% of cancers of men.


Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostate_exam

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