Social-emotional development

birth- age 2

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Temperament

  • The quality and intensity of emotional reactions.
  • Three parts: passivity, irritability, and activity patterns
  • Passivity relates to how actively involved they are.
  • Irritability refers to the tendency to feel distressed.
  • Activity refers to levels of movements
  • If cared for properly, children will grow.
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Attachment

  • The strong emotional connection between mother & child.
  • They become attach to a small group of people
  • They'll become attached to their mom mostly
  • Separation Anxiety is the attachment behavior shown by infants
  • Establishing social-emotional relationship is important to have
  • The first sign of separation anxiety occurs at 6 months of age
  • Also reactions become clearer at 9 months

Changes over time

  • The actions of a caregiver will affect the child.
  • Trust starts to develop in a child
  • Kids need you to encourage and NEED them
  • Develop ability to respond and engage
  • Start doing what you do
  • Building a close relationship will help a lot

Birth to Three months

  • At the start, newborns don't have refined emotions
  • General excitement & general distress are shown
  • The child shows excitement by looking alert( or smiling)
  • Distress is shown by crying
  • No tears running down when they cry
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Three to six months

  • They respond to people by laughing & smiles
  • They make happy sounds when adults play
  • They start noticing and smiling at other babies
  • Different cries single out different distress
  • tears begin to appear on their face
  • Crying still shows ditress
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