The Age of Napoleon

Julie Dembek, Alex Summers, & Nicole Jares

Concordat of 1801

Before The Concordat of 1801, the Pope wanted back the Catholic lands seized during the Revolution. After Napoleon met with him and agreed to recognize Catholicism as the religion of France, the Pope no longer wanted them back. The Concordat restored much power to the papacy; however, the balance of church-state relations tilted firmly in Napoleon's favor. These reforms were rather NOT in line with the ideas of the Revolution, as before they (National Convention) were trying to de-Christianize France. These reforms had a legacy beyond Napoleon's rule, as France still has these lands today. "11.3 The Age of Napoleon." World History. 14 Jan. 2016. Lecture.

Educational System

Before Napoleon, education was strictly limited to nobility. There was not a nationally funded education system for children. The ideas of the French revolution were equality for all people. The changing of education to benefit all people applied to the ideals of this revolution. Some of his reforms included secondary and grammar schools being controlled by the government. High schools had teachers hired by the central government. These reforms were not entirely in line with the ideals however because they were not done for the benefit of all people, they were done to help Napoleon train more qualified individuals to help him retain power. There was no public education system in France before the reign of Napoleon. The system, started by Napoleon is still widely in effect today. "11.3 The Age of Napoleon." World History. 14 Jan. 2016. Lecture.

Restructuring of Government

Before the reign of Napoleon, there were almost 300 different legal systems in France. Also, nobility was a birthright. Promotion was based on social status, not ability. The idea of the French revolution was to prepare a single law code for all of France, however Napoleon simplified the law down into seven different codes. Napoleon was able to simplify this law into seven different legal codes. One of Napoleon's codes was the Civil Code which made all citizens equal before the law, all civilians could choose their jobs, all religions would be accepted, and there was no feudalism. However, Napoleon made divorce more difficult for women, which was against the ideals of the French revolution. The idea that promotion was based on ability is something that is lasting in today’s society. The Napoleonic, or Civil, or code was the base for many of Europe’s modern political systems. "11.3 The Age of Napoleon." World History. 14 Jan. 2016. Lecture.

Legal System

Before Napoleon, there were 300 different legal systems and no single set of laws. Napoleon created the seven codes of law (Napoleonic code) and property rights were protected. Rights of women were lessened. French Revolutionary ideas such as equality of all citizens before the law, the right to choose a profession, religious toleration, abolition of serfdom, and feudalism were preserved. He also destroyed some revolution ideas such as such as replacing liberty with despotism and eliminated freedom of the press. The legacy left was the civil code. "11.3 The Age of Napoleon." World History. 14 Jan. 2016. Lecture.

Financial System

Before Napoleon, commoners were 75-80% of the population. The changes made were that the middle class made up 60%. A new aristocracy based on merit in the civil or military service was made and 3263 new nobles were created. Government careers were open to more people. French Revolution ideas were preserved with the seven codes of law which preserved equality of all citizens. The legacy left was the seven codes of law. "11.3 The Age of Napoleon." World History. 14 Jan. 2016. Lecture.