Menstrual Cycle

What is a Menstrual Cycle?

the process of ovulation and menstruation in women once every 28 days.
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4 Stages Of Menstrual

Menstrual cycle is divided into four stages: The follicle stage, the ovulation stage, the corpus luteum stage, and the menstruation stage.

The Follicle Stage:During the follicular phase, an egg follicle on an ovary gets ready to release an egg. Usually, one egg is released each cycle.uterus starts growing a new endometrium to prepare for pregnancy.

Ovulation stage:It is during this process that the egg travels down the Fallopian tube where it may be met by a sperm and become fertilized.

Corpus luteum stage:begins after ovulation. It lasts about 14 days and ends just before a menstrual period, unless of course fertilisation occurs,the egg travels along the fallopian tube by wave like motions caused by the finger-like projections in the walls of the fallopian tube.

Menstruation stage:the lining of the uterus is shed the first day of menstrual flow is considered day 1 of the menstrual cycle

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definition- absence of menstruation

the causes may experience amenorrhea for natural reasons, such as:

  • Pregnancy
  • Breast-feeding
  • Menopause
  • Milky nipple discharge
  • Hair loss
  • Headache
  • Vision changes
  • Excess facial hair
  • Pelvic pain
  • Acne



-painful menstruation, typically involving abdominal cramps.


-thought to be caused by excessive levels of prostaglandins, hormones that make your uterus contract during menstruation and childbirth


-pain in lower abdomen during menstruation and may also be felt in your hips, lower back, or thighs.



Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)


complex of symptoms (including emotional tension and fluid retention) experienced by some women in the days immediately before menstruation.


Exactly what causes premenstrual syndrome is unknown,


-mood swings, tender breasts, food cravings, fatigue, irritability and depression



-A natural decline in reproductive hormones when a woman reaches her 40s or 50s, the ceasing of menstruation.


-ovaries no longer release an egg every month and menstruation stops.


hot flashes and vaginal dryness