Green Revolution and GMOs

By Anna DesHotels

The Bengal Famine and the Green Revelution in Indian

What were the causes and results of the Bengal Famine in 1943? The Bengal Famine occurred in 1943 in British ruled India. A food shortage was caused because Indian traders hoarded food in order to sell it at higher prices. As a result businessmen would never again be able to hoard food for reasons of profit. In addition, this called for drastic action to increase yield. This action came in the form of the Green Revelution. The term The Green Revlution is a general one that is applied to successful agricultural experiments in many third world countries. The three basic elements of the Green Revelution in India is continued expainsion of farming areas, double cropping existing farmland and using seeds with improved genetics. Two positive results of Green Revelution in India was the establishment of India as one of the worlds biggest agricultural producers and yeild per unit of farmland imcreased by more than 30%. A positive economic result of the Revelution was that India was able to pay back its debts taken from the World Bank, improving the credibility of India in the eyes of lending agencies. A positive sociological result of the Revelution is the increase of job opportunities for not only agricultural workers but also industrial workers by the creation of lateral facilites such as factories. A positive political relit of the Revelution is that India was transformed from a starving nation to an exporter of food. Two limitations of the Green Revelution in India is that the crop demand sometimes falls short of its high demand and that the crops used in the Green Reveltuion are not diverse: the crops are all food grains.

Human Health Risks And Environmental Impact of Green Revolution

The Green Reveltuion introduced genetically modified orgainisms and inorganic pesticides and growth stimulants. The result of this is a lack of variation in plants, as only the superior plants- the hardiest and most reliable- will be harvested. In addition, all of the inorganic chemicals that are being put into the plants to increase amount and quality of crops contain chemicals harmful to both the plants and the humans that consume the products. Many of these chemicals are antibiotics, and with the use of these antibiotics creates a resistance to many if the medicines we use, which is becoming an increasing problem in many addition there is a larger use of water for the plants resulting in a lower amount of water for human use.

Statistics of the GReen Revelution in India

While the Revolution may have many negative effects, there is no doubt that in addition to increased social and economic opportunities, the Revolution was extremely successful in its goal: increasing crop yield. This graph shows the crop yield in India after the Revolution occurred in 1943.