Civil War

Battle of Bull Run

Battle of Bull Run

The Battle of Bull Run had began 3 months earlier at Fort Sumter. The strategy was to deal a crushing blow to confederate forces near Manassas, Virginia, and Richmond, the confederate capital. During the battle, the Union army was on the verge of victory, but the reinforcements to the confederate army helped beat the Union army. Both Confederate and Union troops were disorganized and exhausted. After the battle, it took the Union soldiers almost 36 hours to retreat back to Washington D.C. without any rest or food. A day after the battle, Lincoln removed General Irvan McDowell and replaced him with a new general, George B. McClellan, who reorganized the Union even more. Confederate leaders had conlicted reactions. P.G.T Beauregard was a hero and was promoted to the top general by the confederate president, Jefferson Davis.


Source: http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/bullrun.html?tab=facts

The battle are known for 2 different names. The 2 armies chose different naming conventions for military engagements. The Union Army named after natural resources like rivers, or bodies of water, in this case, Bull Run creek. While the Confederate Army is named after towns, farms, or even railroad junction, in this case, Hence, Manassas, or Manassas Junction.


Source: http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-bull-run

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Jefferson Davis

Jefferson Davis was the first president of the Confederate States of America. He was born in Kentucky and was raised in Mississippi. Davis was the the tenth and youngest child of Revolutionary Wasr soldier Samuel Davis, and his wife, Jane Cook Davis. — Jefferson Davis was elected to the U.S. Congress un 1845. He became a hero while serving in the army during the Mexican War.


Source: http://www.civilwarhome.com/jdavisbio.htm