Cultural and Disability Awareness
For Exceptional Learners
Advantages and Disadvantages of Consultation and Collaboration
The following advantages demonstrate the benefits that consultation and collaboration can offer to exceptional learners:
- When working together, teachers provide support for each other
- With collaborating with one another, regular education teachers will better understand what Special Education (SPED) teachers do
- SPED teachers have time for other obligations with the help of aides
- Regular ed teacher have more control of classroom with help of aides
- Regular Education teachers can use SPED teacher as a resource
- Aides help relieve teacher's stresses without student suffering
- Teachers work in teams to accomplish common goals for students
- Being in the regular education classrooms reduces stigma of "SPED" label
- Regular education students will benefit from extra assistance in the classroom, they will receive more individualized services
- Students take on more responsibility for their success and phase in with peers
- May bring culture, race, gender, age differences to the classroom
- Variety of teaching styles
The following are downfalls of consultation and collaboration for the exceptional learner:
- Co teachers may not have time to plan
- Co teachers may have different ideas about expectations
- Some classrooms may not have additional space for teachers and supplies.
- Consultant teacher does not have opportunity to instruct students directly.
- Hard to find time for all members of team to get together and discuss problems to find solutions.
- Teachers need time to plan with the team, or preparation will be inadequate for students.
- Transitions to expectations of general education classroom may be overwhelming for some students.
- Possible personality conflicts
Parental and Staff Contribution to Student Success
- Parents know their child better than anyone, their knowledge, support and help can be extremely beneficial in the classroom
- Use parents and staff as a resource, they all see the children in different types of stations. Listen to their observations and ideas.
- Establish a team approach with families and staff members. They can help reinforce, support, and encourage the child to succeed.
- Students making connections with other staff is beneficial as they can make connections, possibly share common interests, have similar likes and dislikes. It all contributes to the child trusting an adult who will support their learning.
- With families, be consistent and enlist their help when the student is at home. For example, reading 20 minutes or practicing math facts.
Processes for Transition to Various Settings
- Academic Skills
- Daily Living Skills
- Personal and Social Skills
- Occupational and Vocational Skills
- Career Maturity
- Vocational Interests
IDEA requires schools to provide services to help aid in a successful transition to post school activities such as work, continuing training/education or community living. Parents play a large role in this process, they should be encouraged to share about their child's needs, interests, strengths, etc.
Health Care Needs
- not exclude a student from special education or related services.
- not exclude a student from consideration of education in a least restrictive environment.
- not require educational agencies to assume financial responsibility for related medical services outside of the agency.
- clearly define type, nature and extent of appropriate related services to be provided.
- promote a safe learning environment, including a clean environment to minimize health risks.
- provide assurance that health care services are delivered appropriately.
- provide appropriate medical and legal information about the care of students.
- provide support services for families, students and personnel involved with students with health care needs
- Provide appropriate and safe transportation.
Activities that Promote Career and Vocational Awareness
- Academic Readiness: This means students should have the necessary study skills and literacy skills necessary to succeed in the academic world
-Admissions Readiness: Students must have the necessary prerequisite skills and coursework required to be admitted to any additional programs they may seek
-Career Readiness: Student must possess the executive functioning skills that allow them be productive members of the workforce
-Financial Readiness: Students must have budgeting knowledge and healthy lifestyle and spending habits in order to properly function in today's society
-Social and Personal Readiness: Students must be taught compassion, humility, collaboration, and variety of other emotional and interpersonal skills that make civilization possible
In addition to skill development, providing students with exposure to a variety of career options allows them to pursue choices they might have otherwise not known about. Some courses that provide that exposure are:
- Foods and culinary courses
- Early childhood development courses
- Pre-professional courses (Healthcare, Education, etc.)
- Auto mechanics
- Art courses
- Pre-business courses (Marketing, Accounting, Economics)