The Future of Wyckoff

By Quinn, Alex, Ava, and Matt

About Using Wind Turbines (Mitigation #1 Strategy)

Energy contributes to 31% of sources of green house gas emissions. There has been many thought solutions to new and clean energy sources. One being wind turbines. But not much action has been taken in New Jersey to fix our contribution to these green house gases. Especially because New Jersey is a very urban area. It is the most densely populated state per square mile, and this number is only going to grow. With this big number, comes a big need for energy. Wind turbines are a solution for energy that can replace burning fossil fuels, which is our main problem for contribution to greenhouse gases. There are already 2 wind farms in New Jersey with barely any convincing action and results.

Projected Solution

An average 1.5 MW wind turbine can power 332 houses. In New Jersey, there is about 3.6 million housing units. To power every household with wind turbines, you would need 10,843. But, if we were to power half of New Jersey’s homes, we would need 16,263 acres, totalling 5,421 wind turbines. But, not all of these turbines need to be together. As seen in solutions in Texas, in many farms and other big lots of land, a single or few wind turbines have been planted.
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About Other Fuels for Transportation (Mitigation Strategy #2)

    • Ethanol

      • Produced domestically from corn and other crops and produces less greenhouse gas emissions than conventional fuels

    • Biodiesel

      • Derived from vegetable oils and animal fats. It usually produces less air pollutants than petroleum-based diesel

    • Hydrogen

      • Produced domestically from fossil fuels such as coal, nuclear power, or renewable resources, such as hydropower. Fuel cell vehicles powered by pure hydrogen emit no harmful air pollutant

Projected Energy Solution

  • Ethanol is a renewable, domestically produced alcohol fuel made from plant material, such as corn, sugarcane, or grasses. Using ethanol can reduce oil dependence and greenhouse gas emissions. Ethanol fuel use in the U.S. has increased dramatically from about 1.7 billion gallons in 2001 to about 13.2 billion in 2013. Ethanol is the most efficient way to cut down on greenhouse gases and substitute gasoline with. For years, people thought that it was worse than gasoline and took more energy to produce. However, Improvements in Life Cycle Energy Efficiency and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Corn-Ethanol claims that a gallon of ethanol produces nearly twice as much energy as it consumes, and that switching from gasoline to ethanol cuts greenhouse gas emissions by 54 percent. Up to 65 percent of all emissions come from growing and transporting the crop, for items such as tractor fuel, fertilizer and electricity. New hybrids plants produce more corn with less fertilizer.

Greener Streets and Neighborhoods and our Solutions (Adaptation Strategy #1)

Many of our city streets in America tend to be very dirty and made of toxic materials. Making and wasting these pavements and plastics to build our cities produce lots of these greenhouse gas emissions. We will always be building streets and using them, so there is no way to eliminate them. But, the impermeable surfaces cause the Urban Heat Island effect, increasing the temperature. To help decrease the carbon footprint, other cities are taking action in order to solve these problems. Especially since cities are home to 76% of where the fossil fuel is burned. One street in Chicago is often called "the greenest street in America," due to its efficiency in keeping its area eco-friendly at all costs. For example, instead of using impermeable materials for roads and streets, which drastically increase the air temperature, use recycled objects like tires, water bottles and even shoes. Also, using improved sewage systems in neighborhoods in order to keep unwanted waste out by using bioswales that consist of thick drought-tolerant plants. This will hopefully decrease the amount of carbon in the air as well as being able to adapt to our new surroundings.

About Our Infrastructure (Adaptation Strategy #2)

In New Jersey, much of the infrastructure has been labelled as shameful. Many of the roads are damaged, and the iron and materials supporting rails and bridges are starting to degrade. New Jersey's Facing our Future organization asked residents to make a change and help find new ways to invest in our roads and bridges. Climate change is causing an increase in violent winds and super storms. Adapting to this increase will allow much of New Jersey to live easier, without the disaster Sandy left. Roads and bridges are only part of the infrastructure problem. New Jersey's water infrastructure is on the verge of flunking because of its large amount of waste water. Because our water pipes are leaking, 20% of the clean drinking water is leaking out.
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Solution to Stronger Infrastructure

One way we can fix the water infrastructure issue is by installing planted areas to absorb rain and storm water so it does not reach the sewers. Especially on large builds for bridges, state departments of transportation have preferred to enter into so-called design-build contracts. In Pennsylvania, what would have taken 12 years to rebuild a bridge, will now only take 3. Creative financing and contract arrangements like these are being implemented to repair and replace bridges more economically.
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Instrumental Jazz Mix : Cafe Restaurant Background Music