BBQ Vocabulary Language Sliders

By Nicole Tanski and Caitlyn Thompson


Dialect - a regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciations

example: In Tennessee they say "y'all" instead of "you guys" like in Minnesota or "you all" in Kentucky

Extinct language - a language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used

example: Klallam, part of the Salishan language family and was native of Washington, USA

More Terms

Language Branch - a collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or as old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that the branched derived from the same family

example: Germanic and Romance are language branches

Language family - a collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history

example: Some of the better known families are the Indo-Europen and Sino-Tibetan

Language group - a collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in vocabulary and grammar

example: The language groups of the Indo-European family include German, English, and Dutch.

Literary tradition - a language that is written as well as spoken

example: French, and various other languages, are literary traditions since it can written as well as spoken

Official Language - the language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents

example: official language of Russia is Russian but countries may have more than one official language like India - Hindu & English, or have no official language such as the USA