Final Exam

World Geo

Vocabulary


Green Revolution: campaign to increase food production for parts of the world that are overpopulated, used a variety of methods including increased irrigation, pesticides and other genetically modified chemicals.

Stateless Nation: culturally linked populations that are unrecognized in the international community and not given a political voice, i.e. the Kurds, Palestinians.

Population Density: the average amount of people living per square kilometer in a country.

Plate Tectonics: plates of large crust that float across the mantle and move around the earth. They have caused the large-scale motion of the Indian Subcontinent from its isolation in the Indian Ocean northward to create the Himalayas

Transboundary Pollution: air and water pollution that crosses into other countries, regardless of where it originated.

Outsourcing: Relocating jobs to outside foreign countries.

Subsistence farming: only producing enough crops and livestock for a family’s survival.

Commercial farming: producing crops and livestock that is strictly for profit.

Cultural assimilation: the process of sharing and absorbing parts of another person’s culture and blending it with your own.

Cultural Hearth: a place where many cultures gather and share ideas, traditions, and beliefs with each other.

Cultural diffusion: the spreading of a culture’s traditions or beliefs from a central point.

Urbanization: a population shift from rural areas to cities, and what a city goes through to accommodate those changes.

Globalization: a process of integration and connection from a worldwide perspective of cultures, ideas, products, and viewpoints. But it can lead to pollution, an increased risk of pandemics, and loss of local traditions.


Provide an example showing how physical geography can affect a country’s economic activities

Japan being a group of islands and depending on fishing, Columbia having fertile soil and climate to grow coffee beans, Saudi Arabia profiting from its many oil reserves underground

What innovations led to the increased use of sea travel?

Technological improvements such as the compass and improvements in ship design made ocean voyages possible


How has the Green Revolution been able to produce enough food to keep pace with a growing population?

By using lots of fertilizers, pesticides, and increased irrigation needs

Which event led to the introduction of new foods to Western Europe?

Columbus’ voyages to the Americas

Why did favelas increase in Brazil in the 1970s?

Migrants from rural areas couldn’t afford to live in the urban cities

POLITICAL FEATURES

Iraq

Iran

Saudi Arabia

Afghanistan

Mongolia

Taiwan

North Korea

South Korea

Vietnam

Laos

Cambodia

Thailand

France

German

Poland

Austria

Belarus

Latvia

Moldova

Ukraine

Denmark

Norway

Sweden

Finland

Argentina

Brazil

Chile

Peru

Panama

Belize

Costa Rica

Nicaragua

Mali

Republic of Congo

Nigeria

Chad

South Africa

Mozambique

Angola

Namibia

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