Federal Court System

Different Levels of Federal Court System

District Courts, Circuit Courts, and Supreme Court

Types of Jurisdiction

Personal Jurisdiction is rule over a person, despite their location

Territorial Jurisdiction is rule specific to a bounded space, including all people and events inside

Subject Matter Jurisdiction is rule over the subject of legal questions

District Court

lowest level of federal court, serve a federal judicial district

Circuit Courts

inferior, trial level court, hear cases involving serious criminals and civil offenses

Supreme Courts

final judge in all cases, main duty is to decide outcomes in the cases