CIVIL RIGHTS

Esther Asamu

what is the civil right?

the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality.

Civil rights are the rights of individuals to receive equal treatment (and to be free from unfair treatment or discrimination) in a number of settings -- including education, employment, housing, and more -- and based on certain legally-protected characteristics.

what happened?

  • The civil rights movement was a mass popular movement to secure for African Americans equal access to and opportunities for the basic privileges and rights of U.S. citizenship. Although the roots of the movement go back to the 19th century, it peaked in the 1950s and 1960s. nearly 100 years after the emancipation proclamation, Africans in the southern states still inhabited a starkly unequal world of disenfranchisement, segregation and various forms of oppression, including race- inspired violence. in 1954, the u.s. supreme court struck down the "seperate but equal" doctrine that formed the basis for state- sanctioned discrimination.
  • The most important achievements of African-American civil rights movements have been the post-Civil War constitutional amendments that abolished slavery and established the citizenship status of blacks and the judicial decisions and legislation based on these amendments, notably the Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision of 1954, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. of 1965.

Many leaders from within the African American community and beyond rose to prominence during the Civil Rights era