Research Paper

Three topics

Child Abuse, Laws concerning Child Abuse and Amber Alerts

While Federal legislation sets minimum standards for States that accept Federal funding, each State is responsible for defining child maltreatment in State law. Definitions of child abuse and neglect are typically located in two places within each State's statutory code:

  • Civil statutes provide definitions of child maltreatment to guide individuals who are mandated to identify and report suspected child abuse and determine the grounds for intervention by State child protection agencies and civil courts. Locate definitions for your State by conducting a State Statutes Search on the Information Gateway website.

  • Criminal statutes define those forms of child maltreatment that can subject an offender to arrest and prosecution in criminal courts.

Many States recognize four major types of maltreatment in their definitions, including neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse or neglect.


The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) (42 U.S.C.A. § 5106g), as amended by the CAPTA Reauthorization Act of 2010, defines child abuse and neglect as, at minimum:

  • "Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation"; or

  • "An act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm."

This definition of child abuse and neglect refers specifically to parents and other caregivers. A "child" under this definition generally means a person who is younger than age 18 or who is not an emancipated minor.



The AMBER Alert™ Program is a voluntary partnership between law-enforcement agencies, broadcasters, transportation agencies, and the wireless industry, to activate an urgent bulletin in the most serious child-abduction cases. The goal of an AMBER Alert is to instantly galvanize the entire community to assist in the search for and the safe recovery of the child.

Survival,Survivor, Resiliency and What Survivors or people who are consider resilient have in common?

SURVIVOR’S RESILIENCE: Your inner resiliency determines how well you bounce back from adversity, hold up under pressure, and turn misfortune into good luck. Can you develop resilience, hardiness, and a talent for serendipity? Yes, you can. Research into the inner nature of life's best survivors shows that a person can develop excellent mental health and emotional strength the same as physical health and physical strength


Survivor - A person who survives, especially a person remaining alive after an event in which others have died:


1.1 The remainder of a group of people or things:


1.2A person who copes well with difficulties in their life:


1.3 Law A joint tenant who has the right to the whole estate on the other’s death.

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Resiliency - The capacity to recover quickly from difficulties; toughness:


2 The ability of a substance or object to spring back into shape; elasticity:

Prisoner Of War Tactics

- Prisoner of War Tactics makes possible social interactions.

- Also facilitates group dynamics and serves as a necessary tool for the socialization and indoctrination of new group members.

- Some others things are the Psychological breakdown, communication, brain washing and stress.