New City- New Country - New World
English vs. Dutch
The Dutch first settled along the Hudson River in 1624; two years later they established the colony of New Amsterdam on Manhattan Island. In 1664, the English took control of the area and renamed it New York.
New Netherlands becomes New York
James, the Duke of York and the Kings younger brother persuaded the king to rant them a piece of land between the Connecticut and Delaware rivers. The year is 1664, and the King had sent hundreds of troops, a governor, and warships to conquer the land which was occupied by the New Netherlands. A year later, James grants gives away New Jersey to John Berkley and George Carteret. Two years later, the governor gives the West side of Connecticut river to Connecticut; New Netherland officially becomes New York. New York was now part Dutch and part English. The first governors tried to please both groups, but if religious toleration attracted diverse peoples to the region, them feudal land policies kept other away. Due to the colony not having a elective legislature to raise taxes, custom duties were placed in order to raise revenue; this angered many merchants causing a creation of an elective assembly in New York in 1683. In its first meeting, a "Charter of Liberty's and Privileges" had been passed allowing all freeman the right to vote and be taxed by there representative. It also allowed trial by jury, and gave certain property right to women.