World Religions Project

Christianity

Christianity is a monotheistic religion. The God for this religion has many names, such as; Yahweh (Lord, Jehovah), Jehovah Rapha (The Lord That Heals), El Olam (The Everlasting God). Even though the Christian God has many names, Christian only believe in ONE God. The Holy Book of Christianity is called the Bible. There are many holidays in Christianity including; Lent, Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Easter, Pentecost, Advent, Christmas. Some of the rituals that Christians practice include the Lord's supper, baptism, and marriage ordained by God.

Judaism

Judaism is a monotheistic religion. Their God's name is Yahweh. The holy book for Judaism is the Torah. The holidays for Judaism are Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Shemini Atzeret, Simchat Tora, Chanukkah, Tu B'Shevat, Purim, Pesach (Passover), Lag B'Omer, Shavu'ot, Tisha B'Av. There are also many rituals for judaism such as the Birth and Naming Ceremonies, Brit Milah: Circumcision,Redemption of the Firstborn, Coming of Age: Bar and Bat Mitzvah,Jewish Marriage Traditions, Divorce in Judaism, Death Rituals and the Chevra Kaddisha, Mourning.


Hinduism

Hinduism is a polytheistic religion. It has three main gods. Brahma's job was creation of the world and all creatures. There are two other gods that are worshiped today. Vishnu's role is preserve the universe while Shiva's role is to destroy it so that it can be recreated. The Hindu use the Vedas as their book. It is ancient texts that were passed on orally for many years. Some of their holidays include diwali, ganesh chaturthi, hanuman jay anti, hopi, krishna janmashtami, rama navami, navaratri, and hopi. Rituals of the Hindu are called sanskars and include Garbhadana, Punsavana, Simantonnyana, Jatakarma, Namakarna, Nishkarmana, Annaprasana, Karnavedha, Mundan, Upanayana, as well as many detailed sanskars during the wedding.

Buddhism

Buddhist do not believe in a god or deity. They consider Buddha to be a teacher. Buddhists do not have a particular book that they follow. They follow the four noble truths of Buddha and focus on meditation. Some of the rituals include pilgrimage, meditation, and sacred mandala. Some of their holidays are Dharma day, Losar, Sangha Day, Kathina, Parinirvana, and Wesak.

Islam

Islam is a monotheistic religion. Their god's name is Allah. Their holy book is the Qur' an and the Sunnah. Their holy days are Al-Hijra, Eid ul Adha, Ashura, Eid ul Fitr, Lailat al Miraj, Lailat al Qadr, Lailat ul Bara'h, Milad un Jabi, and Ramadan. Their rituals are birth rites and wedding, and the five pillars of Islam which are the declaration of faith, praying five times a day, giving money to charity, fasting, and pilgrimaging to Mecca.



What is Christianity?
What Is Judaism?
What Is Islam?
What Is Buddhism?
Crash Course Hinduism