Natural Disaster Uttrakhand

2013

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Uttrakhand

Uttarakhand has a total area of 53,484 sq km of which 93% is mountainous region and 64% is covered by forest.
It is well known as the "Land Of The Gods"
It is also well known for Chota Chardham
Uttrakhand is considered as one of the most beautiful state

The Disaster

Recently In Uttrakhand a natural Disaster was caused
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The Reasons

The Reasons for the Disaster were Natural and Man Made
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Natural Reasons

From 14 to 17 June 2013, Indian state of Uttarakhand and near by received heavy rainfall .

The rainfall was above benchmark which is above 375 percent.

A multi-day Cloudburst ,centered on the state of Uttarakhand caused devastating Floods and Landslides.



This caused the melting of Chorabari Glacier at the height of 3800 meters , and eruption of the Mandakini river which led to heavy floods near Gobindghat, KedarDome, Rudraprayag district, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Western Nepal ,and acute rainfall in other near by regions of Delhi, Haryana, Uttar-Pradesh and some parts of Tibet.

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CLOUD BURSTING

A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation, sometimes with hail and thunder, which normally lasts no longer than a few minutes but is capable of creating flood conditions.


Meteorologists say the rain fall rate equal to or greater than 100 mm (3.94 inches)per hour is a cloudburst. The associated convective cloud, can extend up to a height of 15 km above the ground.

Causes of Cloud Burst

  • FLOODS
  • HUGE DISTRACTION
  • DEFORESTATION
  • DESTROYS VEGETATION
  • LOSS OF TO HUMAN LIFE

Man-Made Reasons

The Uttarakhand Disaster have been officially termed a natural calamity caused by cloudbursts and unprecedented heavy monsoon rainfall.


However, the true causes of the tragedy is growth of :


  • Tourism
  • Unchecked rapid increase of roads
  • Hotels
  • Shops
  • Multistory housing in ecologically fragile areas and unplanned construction are the reason for landslide
  • More than 220 power and mining projects are running in 14 river valleys in Uttarakhand.
  • Several rivers are being diverted through tunnels for these projects leading to major disasters in the state

Deforestation

Deforestation is also one of the most important factor of Uttarakhand disaster, which causes frequently landslide.
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Effects

Human impact-580 people were dead and over 3000 people were still missing

The worst affected area Rudraprayag, Chamoli, Uttarkashi and Tehri Garhwal districts are initial assessments which suggested that around 300,000 people have been affected, 50,000 displaced and roughly many villages in the interior of the hilly state remain cut off due to landslides.

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historical significance of places in Uttarakhand where disaster was more severe

Uttarakhand has a lot of historical significance

A few of them are Badrinath temple, Gangotri temple and Chand Puri While the disaster struck Badrinath and Gangotri were the most effected.

Temples Before And After The Disaster

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Steps Taken By The Government

National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and Indo- Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) personnel have so far rescued 32,772 people from different areas of Uttarakhand following landslides and floods, Of the 32,772, including pilgrims and residents, 26,538 were rescued by ITBP while 6,234 were evacuated by NDRF personnel.

Steps Taken By The Communities

People All round the country had collected funds for the relief features for the people in stuck in the disaster,and for the children who lost their parents,and for the people who lost their homes