Natural Disaster Uttrakhand
It is well known as the "Land Of The Gods"
It is also well known for Chota Chardham
Uttrakhand is considered as one of the most beautiful state
The rainfall was above benchmark which is above 375 percent.
A multi-day Cloudburst ,centered on the state of Uttarakhand caused devastating Floods and Landslides.
This caused the melting of Chorabari Glacier at the height of 3800 meters , and eruption of the Mandakini river which led to heavy floods near Gobindghat, KedarDome, Rudraprayag district, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Western Nepal ,and acute rainfall in other near by regions of Delhi, Haryana, Uttar-Pradesh and some parts of Tibet.
Meteorologists say the rain fall rate equal to or greater than 100 mm (3.94 inches)per hour is a cloudburst. The associated convective cloud, can extend up to a height of 15 km above the ground.
Causes of Cloud Burst
- HUGE DISTRACTION
- DESTROYS VEGETATION
- LOSS OF TO HUMAN LIFE
However, the true causes of the tragedy is growth of :
- Unchecked rapid increase of roads
- Multistory housing in ecologically fragile areas and unplanned construction are the reason for landslide
- More than 220 power and mining projects are running in 14 river valleys in Uttarakhand.
- Several rivers are being diverted through tunnels for these projects leading to major disasters in the state
The worst affected area Rudraprayag, Chamoli, Uttarkashi and Tehri Garhwal districts are initial assessments which suggested that around 300,000 people have been affected, 50,000 displaced and roughly many villages in the interior of the hilly state remain cut off due to landslides.
historical significance of places in Uttarakhand where disaster was more severe
A few of them are Badrinath temple, Gangotri temple and Chand Puri While the disaster struck Badrinath and Gangotri were the most effected.
Temples Before And After The Disaster
Steps Taken By The Government
National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and Indo- Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) personnel have so far rescued 32,772 people from different areas of Uttarakhand following landslides and floods, Of the 32,772, including pilgrims and residents, 26,538 were rescued by ITBP while 6,234 were evacuated by NDRF personnel.