Southwest Asia Topics

Kailey, Andrew, Alexa, Maddie

China's Rise Economically

Influence on the world: As China continues to play a more prominent role in the international community, businesses must adapt to changes in an increasingly connected, globalized world. To do so, a greater understanding of China’s history, culture and language are necessary.” - Tom Watkins. President Obama is considering requiring Chinese in all U.S schools.

Hinduism vs. Buddhism

Buddhism is a religion located in the Indian subcontinent and has a variety of traditions, beliefs, and practices largely based on teachings from Buddha. Buddhism is split into 2 basic groups called Theravada and Mahayana. The place of worship for Buddhism is in pagodas and Monasteries. The goal of the religion is to enlightenment.

Hinduism is the predominant religion of India and Nepal. Hinduism has traditions such as Shaivism, Vaishnavism, and Srauta. It was formed by many different traditions and has no real leader. The place of worship for Hindus is Temples. The goal of the religion is to break the cycle of birth, death and reincarnation, and attain salvation.

Both religions emphasize compassion and nonviolence to all living things. They both believe in gods on different planes. They both started and evolved their religion on Indian soil. Also they both are Dharmic religions based on the law of karma and believe in reincarnation.

The Kashmir Conflict

It is a territorial dispute between India and Pakistan. It dates back to 1947, when the first war between India and Pakistan occurred and went all the way till 1948 until both sides withdrew their forces. After a ceasefire happened, Pakistan took ⅓ of Kashmir while the other part was taken by India. Other wars broke out in 1965 and 1999 that didn’t really change anything. Given the territorial claims in Kashmir, there is no real end to the conflict now that both countries have possession of nuclear weapons.

The Caste System

Hindu society in Indias’ way of organizing people into hierarchy groups called castes. This is based on jobs and how much money each family has, this system is based on the hindu beliefs to rank by spiritual purity. Although some people see this system as segregation and racism because once you're born in a certain caste, there is no moving up higher in the ranking. The lowest class is called the "untouchables" in the Hindu Religion they believe that they are unholy and therefore the government is hesitant to make job opportunities available for them.

China's 1 Child Per Family Policy

This policy restricts urban families to only one child. However there are some exceptions like twins, ethnic minorities or people that are children themselves. If a families first family turns out to be a girl they are allowed a second child. This policy was introduced in 1978 and applied in 1979. Chinese authorities claim that they have prevented over 250 million births between 1980-2000, and 400 million from 1980-2011. China’s National Population and Family Planning Commission said that this policy will remain for at least another decade. This policy has caused an increase in abortions.
China's one-child policy creates massive gender imbalance

Conflict Between North and South Korea

Korea used to be owned by many different asian countries but then after WWII they granted Korea independence. Then after Korea had independence there began to be disputes about the government which led to the split of the country to North and South Korea. North Korea, who wanted a communist country was very aggressive leading many attacks on South Korea. In 1968 North Korea tried to assassinate South Korea's president. Then in 2010 tensions between the two countries rose again after a Korean warship was drowned and then again in November of the same year North Korea launched an artillery attack on Yeonpyeong, an island of South Korea. Essentially there is no real war going on today but there are still high tensions in both of the countries with each other and there could be a war at any time if one of the countries decided to attack the other.