Massachusetts Bay Colony

A New England Colony

Important Events and People

In 1629, a charter from the king of England made Mr. Endicott the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1630, the position of governor was given to John Winthrop, and the governing power was moved to Massachusetts itself. The area where Winthrop settled along with a few others would later become Boston. In 1643, the colonies of New England were unified, due to a common fear of the American Indians. However, individual governments were maintained. In 1675, King Phillip's War caused great upheaval in the colonies and was fought between the American Indians and the colonists. It is named after the Indian chieftain who led the Indians in the war and lasted three years. In 1692, the Salem Witch hysteria led to the execution of a group of colonists accused of witchcraft.

Goods Produced and Traded

Location's Effect on Economy

Since agriculture was not as well suited to the climate, colonists mainly traded. However, very little fur trading took place because the colony was not easily connected to the Indians with whom colonists would trade for fur.

Religion and Government

The colonists were mainly Puritan. Only "the elect," or those saved by God could vote and be church members. Religion played a large part in local governments, however, ministers could not hold office in the elected legislature.

Why Massachusetts Bay Colony

The Massachusetts Bay Colony has a flourishing trade system and communities in which any religion can be practiced. The colony is self-governing and there are many opportunities to make a living. Plan your trip from England today and discover the New World!