The invention of the airplane
Date:1903 Inventor:willbur and oruille wright
making the airplane in 1903
Hoping to improve lift, they built the 1901 glider with a much larger wing area and made dozens of flights in July and August for distances of 50 to 400 ft. (15 to 122 m).432 The glider stalled a few times, but the parachute effect of the forward elevator allowed Wilbur to make a safe flat landing, instead of a nose-dive. These incidents wedded the Wrights even more strongly to the canard design, which they did not give up until 1910. The glider, however, delivered two major disappointments. It produced only about one-third the lift calculated and sometimes pointed opposite the intended direction of a turn–a problem later known as adverse yaw–when Wilbur used the wing-warping control. On the trip home a deeply dejected Wilbur remarked to Orville that man would not fly in a thousand years.47
The poor lift of the gliders led the Wrights to question the accuracy of Lilienthal's data, as well as the "seated coefficient" of air pressure, a value which had been in use for over 200 years and was part of the accepted equation for lift.
The wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are credited 1234 with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flights on December 17, 1903 four miles south of kitty hawk north Carolina. In 1904-1905 the brothers developed their flying muchean into the first practical fixed wing aircraft. Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible.
Born in Dayton, Ohio, in 1871, Orville wright and his elder brother, Wilbur wright, were the inventors of the world's first successful airplane. The brothers successfully conducted the first free, controlled flight of a power-driven airplane on December 17, 1903.
Wilbur Wright died in Dayton, Ohio, on May 30, 1912. Wilbur Wright was born on April 16,1867, near Millville, Indiana, the middle child in a family of five children. His father, Milton Wright, was a bishop in the Church of the United Brethren in Christ.