Reform Movement

Kristen H.

Transcendentalism

An idealist philosophical and social movement.

Biggest out come of the Utopian Movement (?)

Shakers we're a group that had settled in the "utopian society". The society didn't believe in marriage, nor did they believe in having children. For Shakers saw no reason to perpetuate the human race (Making it perfect I would suppose.) The Shakers didn't believe in such things, the organization expanded members by adding followers. They peaked with 6,000 members, until numbers began to slump down in number.

Brook Farm Community

A cooperative community in Massachusetts.
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Noah Webster

"When a citizen gives his suffrage to a man of known immorality he abuses his trust; he sacrifices not only his own interest, but that of his neighbor; he betrays the interest of his country."


Webster worked throughout his life as a change agent on diverse issues.

- Workers rights

- Women's education

- Child care

- Social Welfare

- Emancipation of slaves

James Fenimore Cooper

"Misfortune begets misfortune: life is a misfortune, for it may be the means of enduring misfortune; and death is a misfortune, as it abridges the enjoyments of life."


Cooper was his own person, unlike many other high class people.

Edgar Allan Poe

"Stupidity is a talent for misconception."


Poe created work with is strange poems to which people respected and admired. It wasn't as frowned upon.