Canada's defining moments
Sukhpal Singh Sidhu
Canada is one of the greatest countries in the world. Canada has been known as a peacekeeping nation, a mediator in conflicts, the home of hockey and rich in spirit. We've also made a impression in the history books, and the international community has finally seen Canada as a real power in the world. Looking back on our history, here are 4 moments that helped define the country and the people we are today.
Battle of Ortona
Black Tuesday refers to October 29, 1929, when panicked sellers traded nearly 16 million shares on the New York Stock Exchange (four times the normal volume at the time), and the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell -12%. Black Tuesday is often told as the beginning of the Great Depression.The Great Depression lasted approximately 10 years and affected both industrialized and non industrialized countries in many parts of the world.The situation worsened yet again on the infamous Black Tuesday, October 29, 1929, when more than 16 million stocks were traded.
- The 1929 stock market crash and the Great Depression formed the largest financial crisis of the 20th century.
The future Prime Minister Louis St Laurent was wiped out and was still paying off his margin debt during the second world war.
The Canadian bluechip stocks lost over 5 billion dollars in value which in 1929 exceeds anything before or since.
- The stock market ultimately lost $ 14 billion that day.
Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau,usually known as Pierre Trudeau or Pierre Elliott Trudeau, was a Canadian politician who served as the 15th prime minister from April 20, 1968, to June 4, 1979, and again from March 3, 1980, to June 30, 1984. He was born October 18, 1919 – September 28, 2000,
During Trudeau's era he brought a lot of change in Canada. He was responsible for things such as :
· Appointed Jeanne Sauve first woman Speaker of House of Commons, 1980
· Official Languages Act, 1969
· Partition of Canadian Constitution, 1982
· Implementation of War Measure Act, 1970 ("Just watch me…")
· Canadian Charter of Rights, 1982
· Wage and Price controls, 1975
The queen sign the proclamation of the consitution
The proclamation document
The Charter of rights and freedoms
Some rights entrenched in the Constitution are:
1. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees the rights and freedoms set out in it subject only to such reasonable limits prescribed by law as can be demonstrably justified in a free and democratic society.
2. Everyone has the following fundamental freedoms:
(a) freedom of conscience and religion;
(b) freedom of thought, belief, opinion and expression, including freedom of the press and other media of communication;
(c) freedom of peaceful assembly; and
(d) freedom of association.