Vampire Bats

Intro

Dracula is coming. Don’t walk in the rain forest at night. He will suck your blood. To find out more about the habitat, appearance, prey, friends, and enemies keep reading.

Habitat

The vampire bats can be found in many different places and live in the continents of Central America, and South America. The countries where you can find these bats are, Mexico, Brazil, Chile, and Argentina. These countries are home to the Amazon Rain Forest. Vampire bats will be found in caves, trees, and other hollow places because they are nocturnal. While they sleep during the day they hang upside down.
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Appearance

Vampire bats are creepy little creatures. They are very lightweight and weigh 19-57 grams [about 5 colored pencils]. Their height is 3-3.5 inches [7-9 5 cm]. Bats are the only known mammals that can fly, their wingspan is 6.5-10 inches. Wings of a bat are a double layer of skin enclosing muscles and elastic fibers with strong hooked- shaped thumbs. They have short, grayish brown hair on the top of their body and are paler on the bottom of their body. The mouth has a long, grooved tongue with razor sharp canine and upper incisor teeth. They have a short, broad grooved snout. Their eyes are big and dark brown, and have low light eyesight they use echolocation to help navigate and see better when it's completely dark. They have large pointed ears that are forward facing and folded. They have a lifespan of about 12 years in capacity and when living in the wild they have a lifespan of about 9 years.Bats are the only mammals that can fly.


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Prey

Vampire bats have a weird diet. The vampire bats are the only mammal that feeds entirely on blood. They hunt at night when their prey is sleeping. They like the blood of mammals such as cows, pigs, horses, birds, such as chicken.These mammals feed on warm blooded animals.Although people believe the bats will attack humans they dislike human blood. Vampire bats have a chemical in their saliva that does not allow the blood to clot. They bite in the fleshy areas like the neck, shoulder, ankle, and rump. They drink enormous amounts of blood each time. These bats can sometimes feed on 1-2 teaspoon and can drink for 30 minutes. Luckily they don't drink enough blood to harm the animal, but they do carry diseases including rabies. Vampire bats strike their prey from the ground. The heat sensor on their nose is to find the warm flowing blood beneath the skin. If they aren't close enough to their prey they move from one day time roost to another to get closer to their prey. If vampire bats don't drink blood for more than two days they will most likely die. Well-fed females will regurgitate their blood for males to drink.
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Friends and Enemies

Vampire bats have many enemies and very few friends. People can poison them and the poison can kill hundreds of bats at a time. Hawks and eagles are common predators.How ever the greater threat is humans because they can cause deforestation. Some other predators are , owls, falcons, South American squirrel monkey,and snakes which strike when vampire bats are sleeping.

Conclusion

The only known mammal that feeds entirely on blood is Dracula, otherwise known as the vampire bat. If people keep poisoning vampire bats they could become endangered. I learned a lot about vampire bats that i didn't know. I hope i can learn a lot more about the vampire bat.

Bibliography



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