Canada In 2050
What will Canada look like in the year of 2050?
- 1 in 5 people are foreign born (foreign born population was 20% of total population in 2011 compared to 19.8 % in 2006 (Statistics Canada)
- most immigrants come from Asia (Statistics Canada)
- in 2011 94.8% of immigrants moved to Ontario, British Columbia, and Alberta (in metropolitan areas) (Statistics Canada)
- international migration is resonsible for 2/3 of population growth (CTV News Canada)
Push and Pull Factors
Point System, Requirements and Types of Immigrants
- 1 in 5 Aboriginals live in a home that needs serious repairs (CTV News Canada)
- suicide rate is 5 times greater than non-Aboriginal Canadians (CTV News Canada)
- less first nations live on reserve (60%) and move to metropolitan areas (Statistics Canada)
- unsanitary drinking water (Pearson Education Canada Inc.)
- high unemployment (Pearson Education Canada Inc.)
- reserves are too small to support the growing population (Pearson Education Canada Inc.)
How Canada Is Taking Action
In February 2014, prime minister Stephen Harper announced an agreement between the Government of Canada and the Assembly of First Nations and created the First Nations Control of First Nations Education Act. This act will give children on reserve an equal education as any Canadian. (Prime Minister of Canada | Stephen Harper)
- there are approximately 35 million people living in Canada
- the average growth rate from 2000-2010 was 1.1
- the projected average growth rate from 2010-2060 is expected to decrease at 0.9
- More than one Canadian in three (35.0%) was living in one of Canada's three largest CMAs, Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver (Statistics Canada)
- The average fertility rate is 1.6 (Statistics Canada.)
- The average fertility rate was 3.9 in 1959 (Employment and Social Development Canada)
- The fertility rate is very low in Canada and there are many families of 3.
The fertility rate has dropped so much in the past 50 years because families don't necessarily need children. In developing countries women would have many children to help with labour and to replace babies that die due to poor conditions and health care (although the fertility rate has been dropping even in third world countries in present day). Some other significant factors that back up the reasoning behind less children is more effective birth control and the expenses that come with raising a child. Choosing to have children would mean saving up for the climbing cost of university tuition, clothing, food and many other expenses so not everyone can afford having more than one child. Statistically, the fertility rate might decrease even further in Canada but by very little because wealthier families may continue to choose to have more than one child because raising a bigger family appeals to some people. This would mean a decrease in population if it weren't for immigrants.
- the median age is now 39.9 years (Employment and Social Development Canada)
- Post World War II couples had more babies because birth control methods were not advanced and they were married at a younger age (The Canadian Encyclopaedia)
- median age was 40 years in 2012 (The Canadian Encyclopaedia)
The death rate will increase by 2050 because it will close to the time that the baby boomers will pass away due to age. Because there will be a low birthrate, meaning there will not be as many children, seniors are expected to outnumber children. (The Canadian Encyclopedia)
Effects on Economy
Before 2050, seniors will retire at around the same time leaving their jobs in need to be filled by people with particular skill set, resulting in the availability of many jobs. This would mean delaying retirement and having people from other countries immigrate for the jobs. In addition, economic and social demands will lean towards health care, retirement homes and other needs for the growing population of seniors because a large portion of the population will be seniors. (The Canadian Encyclopedia)
The Big Picture
Thoughts On My Life in 2050 by neha505
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