5.1 Classifying Languages

About 100/6,000 languages are used by 5 million people.

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Language Family

Common ancestoral language that existed long before recorded history are related to a collection of languages.

Language Branch

Common ancestoral language that existed several thousands of years ago are related through a collection of languages within a family.

Language Group

A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display many similarities in grammar and vocabulary.