Child Development Theorist Project

Lev Vygotsky


~Learning is more than the acquisition of the ability to think; it is the acquisition of many specialised abilities for thinking about a variety of things."~ - Lev Vygotsky, Mind in Society, 1978

Who is Lev vygotsky?

Lev Vygotsky was born in Orsha, a city in the western region of the Russian Empire. He attended Moscow State University, where he graduated with a degree in law in 1917. He studied a range of topics white attending university, including sociology, linguistics, psychology and philosophy. However, his formal work in psychology did not begin until 1924 when he attended the Institute of Psychology in Moscow and began collaborating with Alexei Leontiev and Alexander Luria

Where was Lev Vygotsky Born

Lev Vygotsky was born in Orsha Belarus. Lev died in Moscow Russia.

Birth and Death

Born: November 17, 1896, Orsha, Belarus

Died: June 11, 1934, Moscow, Russia

What was Lev Vygotsky known for in Child development & education

Interests were quite diverse, but often centered on topics of child development and education. He also explored such topics as the psychology of art and language development.

Some of the major theories developed by Lev Vygotsky include

Sociocultural Theory: Human development results from a dynamic interaction between individuals and society. through this interaction, children learn gradually and continuously from parent and teachers. this learning however can vary from one culture to the next. it is important to note that vygotsky theory emphasizes the dynamic nature of interaction. Society dosn't just impact people; people also impact their society

Zone Of Proximal Development : Is the distance between actual development level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance or on collaboration with more capable peers. Parents and teachers can foster learning by providing educational opportunities that lie within a child's zone of proximal development

Contributions To Psychology

much of Lev Vygotskys work is still being discovered and explored today. While he was a contemporary of Skinner, Pavlov,Freud and Piaget, his work never attained their level of eminence during his lifetime. Part of this was because his work was often criticized by the Communist Party in Russia, and so his writings were largely inaccessible to the Western world. His premature death at age 38 also contributed to his obscurity.Despite this, his work has continued to grow in influence since his death, particularly in the fields of developmental and educational psychology.

Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development
Sociocultural Theory

Proximal Development image goes with first video , better to understand if you watch the video then see the image

Proximal Development; in other terms for example is a student (green dot) , a student only knows so much but if they want to achieve higher knowledge they need to be taught by that person (purple dot) with higher intelligence , when that student obtains that intelligence from the person with more education then that student is learning and obtained the same amount of expertise

2nd video also goes with proximal development

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Piaget & Vygotsky in 90 seconds