Methamphetamine

a stimulant drug known as meth, crystal, chalk, and ice.

How is it used?

Meth is generally taken orally, smoked, snorted, or dissolved in water or alcohol and injected. Smoking or injecting are the most common because the drug is immediately delivered to the brain, causing fast effect.

Physical/Psychological Effects

Physical Effects:
  • increases the amount of the neurotransmitter dopamine, leading to high levels of that chemical in the brain
  • produces the euphoric “rush” or “flash” that many users experience
  • reduced motor skills and impaired verbal learning
  • severe structural and functional changes have been found in areas of the brain associated with emotion and memory, which may account for many of the emotional and cognitive problems
  • extreme weight loss, severe dental problems (“meth mouth”), and skin sores caused by scratching
  • increased wakefulness, increased physical activity, decreased appetite, increased respiration, rapid heart rate, irregular heartbeat, increased blood pressure, and increased body temperature
Psychological Effects:
  • anxiety, confusion, insomnia, and mood disturbances and display violent behavior
  • paranoia, visual and auditory hallucinations, and delusions
  • alters judgment and inhibition
  • Methamphetamine is SUPER ADDICTIVE

Legality & Schedule

Methamphetamine can be prescribed by a doctor to treat some conditions like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and other conditions. The prescriptions happen rarely and if/when it is medically needed it was only given in doses much lower than those typically abused.


It is classified as a Schedule II drug, meaning it has high potential for abuse and is available only through a prescription that cannot be refilled.

Cost

One hit of meth is about a quarter of a gram and will generally cost a user about $25, although that is the average price, it can easily cost up to 80$.


The price also can depends on the drug's purity, the amount, and where it is sold.

Potential Treatment Options

The most effective treatments for methamphetamine addiction are behavioral therapies, such as cognitive-behavioral and contingency-management interventions.


For example, one program found to be extremely effective is the Matrix Model, which is a 16-week behavioral treatment approach that combines behavioral therapy, family education, individual counseling, drug testing, and encouragement for non-drug-related activities.


Contingency management interventions, which provide the users with incentives in exchange for engaging in treatment and maintaining abstinence, have also been shown to be effective.


Motivational Incentives for Enhancing Drug Abuse Recovery (MIEDAR), an method for encouraging cocaine and methamphetamine abstinence, has been super effective in methamphetamine abusers through NIDA’s National Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network.

Meth use in the US

According to the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), approximately 1.2 million people (0.4 percent of the population) reported using methamphetamine in the past year, and 440,000 (0.2 percent) reported using it regularly at least once a month.
Big image

Meth use in Maryland

The abuse of Methamphetamine is very limited within the state of Maryland and is frequently unavailable. On average, less than 1 in 10 residents have admitted to using Meth at least once.

Laws/Legislation

Possession of meth, under Maryland law, is considered a felony offense. If convicted, you can face up to 4 years in prison and $25,000 in fines.


In 2005, the federal government passed the Methamphetamine Epidemic Act to heighten penalties for meth possession, and to place stiffer restrictions on legal uses of meth. States have also followed the federal government in enforcing heightened penalties for meth possession convictions.


How Meth enters country/area

  • Cooked in home labs
  • Mobile labs
  • Cars, RVs, trucks, trunks, suitcases
  • Motel rooms
  • Basements
  • Crawl spaces
  • Sold on the streets
  • Smuggled over border from Mexico through drug trafficking