UNIT- 10 ANCIENT GREECE

ECONOMY AND SOCIETY

Economy

  -Agriculture was the main economic activity. It was based  on the cultivation of wheat, olives and vines in the valleys.  -Livestock farming was important in the mountains.   -Craft work was done in small workshops. They made textiles, pottery, weapons and farm tools.   -Trade became important, especially around the Mediterranean. Greeks traded with each other nacross the Aegan Sea. There was also commerce with Egypt, Italy and Mesopotamia.

SOCIETY

  -Citizens were the  sons of free fathers. All the great landowners and rich merchants were citizens -Metics or foreigners, were the people who lived in a polis but they were not born there. They did not have political rights. -Slaves were the children of slaves, prisioners of war, or people who could not pay their debits. There were many slaves, and they work was very hard.

FAMILY LIFE

Men were in charge of economic activities and were responsible for the cult to ancestors. They were the head of the family. The andron was a space in homes for males and their male visitos.

Women did not have political rights, and mainly stayed at home. In homes, the gynaikonitis was a space reserved for women.

Boys from wealthy families went to school or had private teachers. At the age of 18 they became ephebes, who could did military service.

Girls recived less education than boys. But some girls learned to play music and to read and write.

CLOTHES AND FOOD

Clothes were often brightly coloured. People wore tunics and cloaks. They used sandals, but often walked barefoot at home.

Food, the Greeks ate cereals, cheese, eggs, olives and fruit. Wealthier people also ate meat and fish.

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