Ancient Mesopotamia

Past to the present


Ancient Mesopotamia was located in south west Asia. The fertile crescent got its name because it had rich soil and it was it the in shape of a crescent. There were two rivers that the it was located was the Tigris and the Euphrates river. Mesopotamia means the land between two rivers. The temperature was usually often over 110 degrees and experienced a lot of rain. The present day country that mesopotamia was located is Iran. The miles from our school to Mesopotamia is 7,000 miles.

The history


There were six civilizations in Mesopotamia and they were the Sumerians that lived from 3500-2000 BC, the Amorites that lived from 1900-1600 BC, the Hittites that lived from 1600-1500 BC, the Assyrians that lived from 1500-1000 BC, the Babylonians that lived from 1000-500 BC, and the Persians that lived from 500-330 BC. There are five steps to develop a civilization. First, you learn how to grow crops and tame animals. Second, you have to build permanent homes. Third, you have to develop technology. Fourth, people make intellectual achievements. Finally, people began to create rules and laws to help them live together.

Hammurabi was first warrior king. His famous code of laws point to him to be a strong ruler of a strong government. Here are five of his laws:

1. If any one kicks out another putting a ban on him and he cannot prove it then he that he when be put to death.

2. If any one brings any hurt to the elders and does not prove what he has done he would be put to death.

3. If he satisfy the elders to impose a fine of grain or money, he shall receive the fine that the people decide.

4. If any one steals property from the temple or the court he shall be put to death and the one that receives it shall be put to death.

5.If any one buys from the son or the slave of another man without a contract he is considered a thief and shall be put to death.

Now we are going to talk about Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh was the king of Uruk and one of the strongest of men. Gilgamesh surrounded the city of Uruk with great walls and erects its glorious and built temples. He was two-thirds god and one-third human.

Grow crops


The farming in Mesopotamia was good because they had fertile land called the fertile crescent. There was not a lot of water in Mesopotamia so they used irrigation. The collapse of Mesopotamia was cause by poisoned fields. That was the down fall because if the fields were poisoned they could not grow crops and that was there main food source. The Mesopotamians ate bread, onions, dates, fruit, fish, lamb, fowls, honey, ghee and milk. The Mesopotamians had good farm land because the rivers the helped the ground get water.


One of the seven wonders are the hanging gardens. The king of Babylon named Nebuchadnezzar. He had married Amyitis who as the daughter of the King of Medes. So he had to find a way to join the two civilizations together. Then to cheer her up Nebuchadnezzar told the people to build an array of hanging gardens within the city’s walls.The created this writing system called cuneiform. Cuneiform is the worlds first writing system. A ziggurat is an ancient temple that was shaped in a square. The purpose of a ziggurat was to keep worship the gods and have courts.