5 Main Religions of the World

By Rachel Sheffield

Christianity

Christianity is a monotheistic religion. Christians believe that God is the one and only creator and that Jesus Christ is God's son. Their holy book is the Bible and attend church services on Sundays and some on Wednesdays as well. Christianity developed from Judaism in the 1st century of C.E. Christian holidays include Christmas, Easter, Ash Wednesday, and Good Friday.


What is Christianity?

Judaism

The base of the Jewish beliefs come from the covenant God made with Abraham and his lineage. Judaism is monotheistic. The sacred texts that the Jewish people have is the Hebrew Bible, Talmud, and Midrash. They believe in Heaven and Hell and that actions are above belief. They are different from Christianity because they don't believe Jesus is the Messiah, and they have more rituals. They call their God: Adonai, Yahweh, and Hashem. Jewish holidays include Passover, Shabbat, Yom Kippur, and hanukkah.
The Story of Judaism

Buddhism

Buddhism is based on the teachings of Buddha. Buddha was not a God and did not claim to be one, he was only a great teacher. The religion began about 2,500 years ago when Buddha had an awakening at age 35. Buddhists do not have a God. They may pay respects to Buddha and idolize him. Buddhism has four noble truths. The first noble truth states that life is suffering. The second claims that this suffering is caused by craving and aversion. The third truth says that suffering can be overcome and happiness can be attained. The last noble truth says that be being moral and compassionate to others, you can end suffering. Karma, wisdom, and compassion are large aspects of the religion/philosophy. The holy book is called, Tipitaka. Buddhist holidays include Buddhist New Year, Vesak (Buddha's birthday), Sangha Day, Dhamma Day, and Observance Day.
Buddhism facts - facts about buddhism

Hinduism

Hinduism has no exact founder or origin date, but it is known to go back as far as 2000 BC.

It is a monotheistic religion, because it believes in one God, but they believe that the God takes many different forms. The main god is, Brahma, although each different form has a different name. Hindus believe in reincarnation, karma, and then cycle of the universe. They believe also that your karma determines what you will reincarnate to next. The main scripture of Hinduism is the Vedas. Hindus worship multiple times a day, usually in their own households. Hindus participate in Holi, Diwali, Kumbh Mela, and Dassera.

Crash Course Hinduism

Islam

Islam is monotheistic with one god named Allah. They also believe in the Shahada, "There is no God but God, and Muhammad is his Prophet." They have the same afterlife belief as Christians. Muslims celebrate Ramadan, Eid Al-Adha, and Eid Al-Fitr. "Muslim" is an Arabic word for "one who submits to god." Islam originated in the Middle East in the 7th century CE. The Quran is the sacred book of Islam that includes all the teachings that the prophet learned from Allah.

Islam, the Quran, and the Five Pillars All Without a Flamewar: Crash Course World History #13